Works and web pages cited

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About sources and source citations

In the following list of sources, with one exception, titles that begin with a number (e.g., “354th Aero Squadron”) are alphabetized as though the number were spelled out.  National census titles of Ancestry.com databases constitute the exception: they appear as the first entries under the corporate author Ancestry.com and are listed by year.  Records from ancestry databases are cited according to the transcription provided, hence the liberal use of “sic.”

Abbreviations:

NAI: National Archives Identifier

NARA: National Archives and Records Administration

e.d.: enumeration district

Gorrell: Edgar Stanley Gorrell’s History of the American Expeditionary Forces Air Service, 1917 – 1919. These are documents compiled under the direction of Gorrell and archived at the National Archives and Records Administration. Gorrell has been microfilmed and the microfilms digitized and made available at Fold3.com.

The documents are organized into series A through R; each series is divided into numbered volumes. In my list of sources, “Gorrell, J.10: 77–144,” for example, indicates pp. 77–144 of volume 10 in series J. Citation can be complicated when the same page in a Gorrell document bears more than one number; documents have sometimes been individually paginated and then repaginated as parts of larger sets; additional numbers have been assigned to the digitized images. I have generally used the page number provided by the particular document cited (and not the number of the digitized image); occasionally it has seemed useful to provide page numbers from more than one pagination scheme.

 

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Ableben des Hrn. Milton Whitney.” Der Deutsche Korrespondent (Baltimore, Maryland), September 4, 1875, 4.

“Ad Executive Dies in Chicago.” The Milwaukee Sentinel, August 17, 1948, 12.

“Adams, E. (Earl)” (web page). At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site].  Accessed April 11, 2017. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/adams-e.-earl

The Adjutant General’s Office. Official Army Register January 1, 1933. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1933.

The Aerodrome.  “Douglas John Bell” [web page]. At The Aerodrome: The Aces of World War I [web site]. Accessed September 19, 2017

—.  “George Riley] [web page]. At The Aerodrome: The Aces of World War I [web site].  Accessed September 8, 2017.

—.  “Harold Beamish” [web page]. At The Aerodrome: The Aces of World War I [web site]. Accessed July 26, 2017.

—. “Laurence Callahan” [web page]. At The Aerodrome: The Aces of World War I [web site]. Accessed December 16, 2016.

—. “Lloyd Hamilton” [web page]. At The Aerodrome: The Aces of World War I [web site]. Accessed September 8, 2017.

—. “Serial Number F6040 Bristol F.2b” [web page]. In World War I aircraft serial number list at “The Aircraft of World War I.” At The Aerodrome [web site]. Accessed December 16, 2016.

—. “William Boger” [web page]. At The Aerodrome: The Aces of World War I [web site]. Accessed January 29, 2018.

“Aérodromes britanniques situés dans le Pays de Saint-Omer” [web page]. Accessed October 4, 2019. https://www.aud-stomer.fr/applications/14-18/

Aikens, Andrew J. and Lewis A. Proctor, eds. Men of Progress: Wisconsin. A Selected List of Biographical Sketches and Portraits of the Leaders in Business, Professional and Official Life. Together with Short Notes on the History and Character of Wisconsin. Milwaukee: The Evening Wisconsin company, 1897.

“Airman May have Alighted Safely.” Springfield Missouri Republican, September 27, 1918, 8.

“An Airman’s Death.” The Kingston Daily Freeman (Kingston, New York), February 13, 1919, 10.

“Albert Belding Gaines, Jr.” Princeton Alumni Weekly 34.1 (August 11, 1933): 22.

Alexander, William L. Report of William L. Alexander, Adjutant General and A.Q.M.G. of the State of Iowa, to Hon. John H. Gear, Governor of Iowa, October 1, 1879. Des Moines: F. M. Mills, State Printer, 1879.

“Allen [sic], J.A.M. (John Alexander Macdonald)” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site].  Accessed April 20, 2017. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/allen-j.a.m.-john-alexander-macdonald

“Allen T. Bird.” In James H. McClintock. Arizona: Prehistoric—Aboriginal, Pioneer—Modern: The Nation’s Youngest Commonwealth Within a Land of Ancient Culture. 3 vols. Chicago: The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1916. Vol. 3: 378–81.

Allen, Thomas. “Guide to the George H. Williams, Jr. Collection, 1915-2006” [web page]. At UT Dallas, Eugene McDermott Library, Special Collections and Archives [web site]. Accessed August 9, 2018. https://www.utdallas.edu/library/specialcollections/hac/worldwar1/Williams.html

The Alumni Association of St. John’s College. Register of the Alumni (Second Edition). Annapolis, Maryland: The Alumni Association of St. John’s College, 1921.

Alumni Directory The University of Chicago 1913.  Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1913.

“Alumni Notes.” The M. A. C. [Michigan Agricultural College] Record. 23.8 (January 25, 1918): 9–10.

“Alumni News.” Cornell Alumni News 16.28 (April 16, 1914): 353–54.

“Alumni Who’s Who.” The Illini Journalist May 1931: 61–120.

“American Airman Killed: Collision in Mid-Air.” The Middlesex Chronicle (England), February 23, 1918, 6. The text is transcribed in Vaughn, War Flying in France, pp. 49-51, along with, on p. 48, another, similar account from an unidentified source.

“American Casualties.” The Scranton Republican (Scranton, Pennsylvania), November 23, 1918, 6.

“American Fliers with the I.A.F.” Gorrell B.12: 109–50.

“American Who Winged Nine Planes Decorated by the Prince of Wales.” The Evening World (New York, New York), November 13, 1919, 3.

“Americans Killed and Wounded on the French Front.” Washington Post, January 11, 1919, 4.

“Americans Killed and Wounded on the French Front.” Washington Post, September 24, 1918, 4.

Amerman, Annette Dee. “Integration of US Marine Corps Aviation with the Royal Air Force in First World War: Legacy and Impact.” M.A. thesis, The University of Birmingham (UK), 2018.

Ames, J. G., compiler. Official register of the United States: Containing a List of Officers and Employés in the Civil, Military, and Naval Service on the First of July, 1891; Together with a List of Vessels Belonging to the United States. Vol. 1. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1892.

Amherst College. Amherst Olio 1910. [Amherst, Massachussets]: Junior Class, [n.d.].

—. Amherst Olio 1914. [Amherst, Massachusetts]: Junior Class, [n.d.].

Ancestry.com. 1900 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004. Original data: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1900. T623, 1854 rolls.

Record for Ernest Benson. 1900 U.S. Census; Elizabeth Ward 5, Union, New Jersey; roll: 995; p.: 1A; e.d.: 0101.

Record for Leslie Benson. 1900 U.S. Census; Elizabeth Ward 5, Union, New Jersey; roll: 995; p.: 1A; e.d.: 0101.

Record for Albert Berry. 1900 U.S. Census; Trenton Ward 13, Mercer, New Jersey; roll: 983; p.: 5B; e.d.: 0098.

Record for Henry and Martha M Borncamp. 1900 U.S. Census; Green, Barnes, North Dakota; roll: 1226; p.: 5A; e.d.: 0005.

Record for Laurence K Callahan. 1900 U.S. Census; Chicago ward 24, Cook, Illinois; Roll: 273; p.: 10A; e.d.: 0710.

Record for Lee Campbell. 1900 U.S. Census; Royal Oak, Oakland, Michigan; roll: 735; p.: 8B; e.d.: 0105.

Record for Donald Carlton. 1900 U.S. Census; Providence Ward 6, Providence, Rhode Island; roll: 1507; p.: 8A; e.d.: 0057.

Record for Walter Chalaire. 1900 U.S. Census; Manhattan, New York, New York; roll: 1113; p.: 13A; e.d.: 0749.

Record for Ed I Clements. 1900 U.S. Census; West Point, King William, Virginia; roll: 1714; p.: 11A; e.d.: 0045.

Record for Chas N Coates. 1900 U.S. Census; Lodgepole, Cheyenne, Nebraska; roll: 919; p.: 1B; e.d.: 0051.

Record for James M Coburn. 1900 U.S. Census; Kansas City Ward 3, Jackson, Missouri; roll: 861; p.: 4A; e.d.: 0024.

Record for Edward Cronin. 1900 U.S. Census; Bayonne Ward 2, Hudson, New Jersey; roll: 971; p.: 15B; e.d.: 0004.

Records for Johan L, Louisa M, and William L Deetjen. 1900 U.S. Census; Milwaukee Ward 16, Milwaukee, Wisconsin; roll: 1805; p.: 3A; e.d.: 0146.

Record for Phillip Deitz [sic]. 1900 U.S. Census; Linden, Union, New Jersey; roll: 997; p.: 13A; e.d.: 0136.

Record for Frank A Dixon. 1900 U.S. Census; Pittsburgh Ward 19, Allegheny, Pennsylvania; roll: 1361; p.: 7A; e.d.: 0219

Record for Linn Forester [sic]. 1900 U.S. Census; Buffalo Ward 17, Erie, New York; roll: 1029; p.: 15A; e.d.: 0128.

Record for Augustus Horn. 1900 U.S. Census; Manhattan, New York, New York; p.: 9; e.d.: 0531.

Record for Warren Leach. 1900 U.S. Census; Tuscaloosa Ward 6, Tuscaloosa, Alabama; p.: 2; e.d.: 0127.

Record for Faust C Seyson [sic; sc. Leyson]. 1900 U.S. Census; Spring Valley, Stevens, Washington; p.: 20; e.d.: 0079.

Record for Leo McCarthy. 1900 U.S. Census; Rockland, Plymouth, Massachusetts; p.: 3; e.d.: 1145.

—. 1910 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. Original data: Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910 (NARA microfilm publication T624, 1,178 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C.

Record for Earl Adams. 1910 U.S. Census; Philadelphia Ward 26, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; roll: T624_1400; p.: 4A; e.d.: 0702.

Record for Thomas J Armstrong. 1910 U.S. Census; Philadelphia ward 43, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; roll: T624_1412; p.: 1B; e.d.: 1095.

Record for Ernest H Benson. 1910 U.S. Census; Elmira Ward 8, Chemung, New York; roll: T624_931; p.: 4B; e.d.: 0030

Record for Lee Campbell. 1910 U.S. Census; Royal Oak, Oakland, Michigan; roll: T624_668; p.: 13A; e.d.: 0149.

Record for Charles E Curtis. 1910 U.S. Census; Chicago Ward 25, Cook, Illinois; roll: T624_268; p.: 6A; e.d.: 1056.

Record for Henry T Desson. 1910 U.S. Census; Troy Ward 5, Rensselaer, New York; roll: T624_1070; p.: 4B; e.d.: 0050.

Record for Phillip Deitz [sic]. 1910 U.S. Census; Roselle, Union, New Jersey; roll: T624_911; p.: 29A; e.d.: 0106.

Record for Frank A Dixon. 1910 U.S. Census; Pittsburgh Ward 14, Allegheny, Pennsylvania; roll: T624_1304; p.: 4B; e.d.: 0468.

Record for Adolf M Drey. 1910 U.S. Census; Manhattan Ward 12, New York, New York; roll: T624_1028; p.: 7B; e.d.: 0740.

Records for Albert Everett, Alice Aylor, and George Aylor. 1910 U.S. Census; Hackers Creek, Lewis, West Virginia; roll: T624_1685; p.: 8A; e.d.: 0052.

Record for Fremont Fass [sic]. 1910 U.S. Census; Jersey City Ward 8, Hudson, New Jersey; roll: T624_891; p.: 9A; e.d.: 0155.

Record for Frank C Frost. 1910 U.S. Census; Arlington, Middlesex, Massachusetts; roll: T624_594; p.: 2B; e.d.: 0730.

Record for John H Fulford. 1910 U.S. Census; Clearfield Ward 1, Clearfield, Pennsylvania; roll: T624_1330; Page: 8A; e.d.: 0063.

Record for John [Gioachino] Gaipa. 1910 Census; Jersey City Ward 12, Hudson, New Jersey; roll: T624_893; p.: 13A; e.d.: 0221

Record for George B Garver. 1910 U.S. Census; North Okaw, Coles, Illinois; roll: T624_237; p.: 14A; e.d.: 0065.

Record for Arthur Griffith. 1910 U.S. Census; Athens Ward 3, Clarke, Georgia; roll: T624_180; p.: 10A; e.d.: 0009.

Record for Edward A Griffiths.  1910 U.S. Census; Brooklyn Ward 10, Kings, New York; roll: T624_961; p.: 19A; e.d.: 0208.

Record for Augustus F Horn. 1910 U.S. Census; Manhattan Ward 12, New York, New York; roll: T624_1027; p.: 7A; e.d.: 0705.

Record for Fred K [sic] Knight, and family. 1910 U.S. Census; Brighton, Monroe, New York; roll: T624_988; p.: 5B; e.d.: 0001.

Record for Elwood [sic; sc. Edward] C Landon. 1910 U.S. Census; Wythe, Elizabeth City, Virginia; roll: T624_1627; p.: 10A; e.d.: 0133.

Record for Clarence Maloney. 1910 U.S. Census; Kalamazoo, Kalamazoo, Michigan; roll: T624_655; p.: 7A; e.d.: 0155.

Record for William W Mathews. 1910 U.S. Census; Chicago Ward 21, Cook, Illinois; roll: T624_263; p.: 1B; e.d.: 0913.

—. 1911 Census of Canada [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. Original data: Library and Archives Canada. Census of Canada, 1911. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Library and Archives Canada, 2007.

Record for Faurt [sic; sc. Faust] Leyson. 1911; Census Place: 21 – ward three, Toronto Centre, Ontario; p.: 14; Family No: 63.

—. 1911 Wales Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data: Census Returns of England and Wales, 1911. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA), 1911.

Record for John Hubert Perring. Class: RG14; piece: 32081; schedule number: 118.

—. 1920 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010. Original data: Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920. (NARA microfilm publication T625, 2076 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C.

Record for Albert Berry. 1920 U.S. Census; Philadelphia Ward 21, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; roll: T625_1617; p.: 1A; e.d.: 527.

Record for Allen T Bird Jr. 1920 U.S. Census; Nogales, Santa Cruz, Arizona; roll: T625_51; p.: 11A; e.d.: 119.

Record for Joseph C [sic; sc.: L] Campbell. 1920 U.S. Census; Royal Oak, Oakland, Michigan; roll: T625_790; p.: 16B; e.d.: 200;

Record for Fremont Cutler Foss. 1920 U.S. Census; Detroit Ward 19, Wayne, Michigan; roll: T625_818; p.: 3A; e. d.: 604.

Record for John H Fulford. 1920 U.S. Census; Clearfield Ward 1, Clearfield, Pennsylvania; roll: T625_1552; p.: 8B; e.d.: 62.

Record for James J Hagan. 1920 U.S. Census; Philadelphia Ward 27, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; roll: T625_1631; p.: 6B; e.d.: 877.

Record for Walter F Halley.  1920 U.S. Census; Rapid City, Pennington, South Dakota; roll: T625_1725; p.: 24A; e.d.: 155.

Record for Edward F Hollander. 1920 U.S. Census; Providence Ward 6, Providence, Rhode Island; roll: T625_1679; p.: 10B; e.d.: 247

Record for Robert A Kelly. 1920 U.S. Census; Xenia ward 2, Greene, Ohio; roll: T625_1386; p.: 5A; e.d.: 176.

Record for Stanley C Kerk. 1920 U.S. Census; Radnor, Delaware, Pennsylvania; roll: T625_1562; p.: 10A; e.d.: 190.

Record for Emily Lawton. 1920 U.S. Census; Chicago Ward 7, Cook (Chicago), Illinois; roll: T625_315; p.: 2B; e.d.: 412.

—. 1930 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2002. Original data: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1930. T626, 2,667 rolls.

Record for Isabelle [sic] Adams. 1930 U.S. Census; Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; roll: 2111; p.: 25A; e.d.: 0413.

Record for Wm Armstrong. 1930 U.S. Census; Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; roll: 2133; p.: 25A; e.d.: 1036.

Record for Jesse F Campbell. 1930 U.S. Census; Royal Oak, Oakland, Michigan; roll: T625_790; p.: 16B; e.d.: 200.

Record for Rafael S Mitkiewiez [sic]. 1930 U.S. Census; Manhattan, New York, New York; roll: 1567; p.: 24A; e.d.: 0567.

Record for Allison H Chapin. 1930 U.S. Census; Queens, Queens, New York; roll: 1590; p.: 11A; e.d.: 0192.

Record for John J Devery. 1930 U.S. Census; Washington, Washington, District of Columbia; roll: 302; p.: 6A; e.d.: 0338.

Record for Adolf Drey. 1930 U.S. Census; New Trier, Cook, Illinois; roll: 503; p.: 16A; e.d.: 2207.

Record for Albert F Everett. 1930 U.S. Census; Akron, Summit, Ohio; roll: 1876; p.: 18A; e.d.: 0059.

Record for Fremont C Foss. 1930 U.S. Census; Montclair, Essex, New Jersey; roll: 1332; p.: 4A; e.d.: 0513.

Record for Edward A Griffiths. 1930 U.S. Census; Bronxville, Westchester, New York; roll: 1659; p.: 1B; e.d.: 0117.

Record for Stanley C Kerk. 1930 U.S. Census; Mill Valley, Marin, California; p.: 2A; e.d.: 0028.

Record for Clarence B Maloney. 1930 U.S. Census; La Crescenta, Los Angeles, California; roll: 131; p.: 5B; e.d.: 1042.

Record for Roger E Martz. 1930 U.S. Census; Roanoke, Roanoke (Independent City), Virginia; p.: 14B; e.d.: 0022.

Record for Guerin Todd. 1930 U.S. Census; Millburn, Essex, New Jersey; roll: 1332; p.: 6A; e.d.: 0506.

—. 1940 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012. Original data: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1940. T627, 4,643 rolls.

Record for Allison H Chapin. 1940 U.S. Census; Rockville, Montgomery, Maryland; roll: T627_1553; p.: 1A; e.d.: 16–7.

Record for Ralf A Crookston. 1940 U.S. Census; Birmingham, Oakland, Michigan; roll: T627_1798; p.: 18A; e.d.: 63–16.

Record for Adolf Drey. New Trier, Cook, Illinois; roll: T627_783; p.: 65A; e.d.: 16–316B.

Record for Albert Everett. 1940 U.S. Census; Weston, Lewis, West Virginia; roll: T627_4417; p.: 1B; e.d.: 21–9.

Record for Charles C Fleet. 1940 U.S. Census; St Petersburg, Pinellas, Florida; roll: T627_609; p.: 81A; e.d.: 52–27.

Record for Fremont C Foss. 1940 U.S. Census; Montclair, Essex, New Jersey; roll: T627_2337; p.: 3A; e.d.: 7–241.

Record for John H Fulford. 1940 U.S. Census; Ben Avon Heights, Allegheny, Pennsylvania; roll: m-t0627-03397 [sic]; p.: 1B; e.d.: 2-29.

Record for Eder [sic] A Griffiths. 1940 U.S. Census; New Rochelle, Westchester, New York; roll: T627_2810; p.: 13B; e.d.: 60-230B.

—. Alabama, Surname Files Expanded, 1702–1981 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc. Original data: Alabama Department of Archives and History. Public Information Subject Files—Surname files, 1901-1984 available via microfilm in reference, SG002624-2652 and 13361-13362, containing the materials added from 1984-2005. Alabama Department of Archives and History, Montgomery, Alabama.

Record for J Warren Leach.

—. Applications for Seaman’s Protection Certificates, 1916-1940 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Original data: The National Archives and Records Administration, Application for Seaman´s Protection Certificates, NAI: 2788575. Record Group Title: Records of the Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation; Record Group Number: 41; Box Number: 029 – New York.
Record for Augustus E. Horn.

—. Arizona, Select Marriages, 1888–1908, [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014. Original data: Arizona, Marriages, 1888–1908. Salt Lake City, Utah: FamilySearch, 2013.

Record for Allen Tracy Jr. Bird.

—. Book Indexes to Boston Passenger Lists, 1899-1940 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Original data: Book Indexes to Boston Passenger Lists, 1899-1940. Microfilm, T790, 107 rolls. Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, Record Group 85. National Archives, Washington, D.C.

Record for Mr Henry Bradley Frost arriving Boston September 3, 1914, on the Arabic.

—. British Army WWI Medal Rolls Index Cards, 1914-1920 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008. Original data: Army Medal Office. WWI Medal Index Cards. In the care of The Western Front Association web site.

Record for G. S. Creed.

Record for J. H. Perring.

—. California, Death Index, 1905-1939 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013. Original data: California Department of Health and Welfare.
Record for Clarence B Maloney.

—. California, Death Index, 1940–1997 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2000. Original data: State of California. California Death Index, 1940–1997. Sacramento, CA, USA: State of California Department of Health Services, Center for Health Statistics.

Record for William Joseph Armstrong.

Record for Frank Aloysius Dixon.

Record for Conrad H Matthiessen.

—. California, WWI Soldier Service Cards and Photos, 1917-1918 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Original data: California, World War I Soldier Service Records. Microfilm publication, 28 rolls. California State Library, California History Section. Sacramento, California.

Record for Francis Clyde Slater.

—. Cook County, Illinois, Deaths Index, 1878-1922 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data: Illinois Department of Public Health. “Birth and Death Records, 1916–present.” Division of Vital Records, Springfield, Illinois.

Record for Madeleine S Lawton.

—. Cook County, Illinois, Marriages Index, 1871–1920 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data: “Illinois, Cook County Marriages, 1871–1920.” Index. FamilySearch, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2010. Illinois Department of Public Health records. “Marriage Records, 1871–present.” Division of Vital Records, Springfield, Illinois.

Record for Alcide Chalaire.

—. Florida Death Index, 1877–1998 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004. Original data: State of Florida. Florida Death Index, 1877–1998. Florida: Florida Department of Health, Office of Vital Records, 1998.

Record for John Joseph Devery Jr.

—. Florida, Passenger Lists, 1898-1963 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2006. Original data: The National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C. Passenger Manifests of Airplanes Arriving at Miami, Florida (NAI: 2774955), RG 85 (Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, 1787-2004).

Record for Burr Watkin [sic] Leyson, arriving September 23, 1944.

—. Florida, State Census, 1867–1945 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008.

Record for John J Devery. 1935; precinct 23; county Dade; p. 11; archive series # S5, roll 5. Original data: Tenth census of the state of Florida, 1935; (Microfilm series S 5, 30 reels); Record Group 001021; State Library and Archives of Florida, Tallahassee, Florida.

—. Georgia, World War I Service Cards, 1917-1919 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013. Original data: Georgia Adjutant General’s Office. World War I Statements of Service Cards. Georgia State Archives, Morrow, Georgia.

Record for Robort [sic] J Griffith

—. Honolulu, Hawaii, Passenger and Crew Lists, 1900–1959 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009. Original data: National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington, D.C. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving or Departing at Honolulu, Hawaii, 1900–1954. NARA Microfilm Publication A3422, 269 rolls; A3510, 175 rolls; A3574, 27 rolls; A3575, 1 roll; A3615, 1 roll; A3614,80 rolls; A3568 & A3569, 187 rolls; A3571, 64 rolls; A4156, 348 rolls. Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, Record Group 85.

Record for Lt Robert A Anderson. A4156, roll 090.

Record for Master Field Kindley. A3422, roll 019.

Record for Paul S Winslow. A3422, roll 059.

—.  Massachusetts, Birth Records, 1840-1915 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013.  Original data:  Massachusetts Vital Records, 1840–1911. New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Record for John Lavalle Junior.

—.  Massachusetts, Passenger and Crew Lists, 1820–1963 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2006. Original data: Boston, Massachusetts. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Boston, Massachusetts, 1891–1943. Micropublication T843. RG085. 454 rolls. National Archives, Washington, D.C.

Record for Edvard [sic] John Batty.

Record for Walter Batty.

Record for Bradley Frost.

—. Michigan, Death Records, 1867-1950 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2015. Original data: Death Records. Michigan Department of Community Health, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics, Lansing, Michigan.

Record for Jesse F Campbell.

—. Military-Genealogy.com, comp. UK, Soldiers Died in the Great War, 1914–1919 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008. Original data: British and Irish Military Databases. The Naval and Military Press Ltd.

Record for James Wabe Pacey.

—. Minnesota, Death Index, 1908-2002 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2001. Original data: State of Minnesota. Minnesota Death Index, 1908-2002. Minneapolis, MN, USA: Minnesota Department of Health.

Record for Bradley C. Lawton.

—. New Jersey, Births and Christenings Index, 1660–1931 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data: “New Jersey Births and Christenings, 1660–1931.” Index. FamilySearch, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2009, 2010. Index entries derived from digital copies of original and compiled records.

Record for Harold K Bulkly [sic]

Record for Lloyd Ludwig.

—. New Orleans, Louisiana, Death Records Index, 1804–1949 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2002. Original data: State of Louisiana, Secretary of State, Division of Archives, Records Management, and History. Vital Records Indices. Baton Rouge, LA, USA.

Record for Bethea Bush Foss.

—. New York, Abstracts of World War I Military Service, 1917–1919 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013. Original data: New York (State). Adjutant General’s Office. Abstracts of World War I Military Service, 1917–1919. Series B0808. New York State Archives, Albany, New York. Note: There are usually two cards for each of these men, one that records activities from enlistment to commission, the other activities after commissioning.

Record for Leslie Alfred Benson.

Record for Newton P Bevin.

Record for Harvard De H Castle.

Record for Walter Chalaire.

Record for Ra Phael [sic] Sergius De Mitkiewicz.

Record for Leonard Joseph Desson.

Record for John Joseph Devery Junior.

Record for Charles William Harold Douglass.

Record for Frank H Forster.

Record for Weston Whitney Goodnow.

Record for Edward A Griffiths.

Record for Augustus F Horn.

Record for Edmond Thomas Keenan.

Record for George Augustus Vaughn.

—. New York, Mexican Punitive Campaign Muster Rolls for National Guard, 1916–1917 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013.  Original data: Abstracts of Muster Rolls For National Guard Units Mustered Into Federal Service During the 1916 Mexican Punitive Campaign, 1916–1917. Series B0802 (38 volumes). New York (State). Adjutant General’s Office. New York State Archives, Albany, New York.

Record for Leonard J Desson.

Record for Edward A Griffiths.

—. New York, New York Guard Service Cards, 1906–1918, 1940–1948 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2015. Original data: New York Guard Service Cards and Enlistment Records, 1906–1918, 1940–1948. Series B2000. Microfilm, 61 reels. New York (State). Division of Military and Naval Affairs. New York State Archives, Albany, New York.

Record for Louis [sic] Humphrey Forster.

Record for Weston Whitney Goodnow.

—. New York, New York, Marriage Index 1866-1937 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014. Original data: Index to New York City Marriages, 1866-1937. Indices prepared by the Italian Genealogical Group and the German Genealogy Group, and used with permission of the New York City Department of Records/Municipal Archives.

Record for Wm T Clements.

—. New York, Passenger Lists, 1820–1957 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Original data: Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, New York, 1820–1897. Microfilm Publication M237, 675 rolls. NAI: 6256867. Records of the U.S. Customs Service, Record Group 36. National Archives at Washington, D.C.

Record for Isabel Adams. Arrival: New York from Cherbourg 1930. Microfilm Serial: T715, 1897–1957; Microfilm Roll: Roll 4792; Line: 12; Page Number: 179.

Record for Harvard Castle. Arrival New York from Puerto Rico 1917. Microfilm Serial: T715, 1897-1957; Microfilm Roll: Roll 2524; Line: 30; Page Number: 97

Record for Amanda B Coates. Arrival New York from Cherbourg 1930. Microfilm Serial: T715, 1897–1957; Microfilm Roll: Roll 4765; Line: 7; Page Number: 78.

Records for Ludwig and Marie Deetjen. Arrival New York from Bremen. Microfilm Serial: T715, 1897–1957; Microfilm Roll: Roll 2341; Line: 6; Page Number: 117.

Record for Jessie Forster. Arrival New York from Cherbourg 1931. Microfilm Serial: T715, 1897–1957; Microfilm Roll: Roll 5002; Line: 12; Page Number: 122.

Record for Francesco Gaipa. Arrival New York from Palermo April 16, 1902. Microfilm Serial: T715, 1897–1957; Microfilm Roll: Roll 0268; Line: 4; Page Number: 59.

Record for Gioachino Gaipa. Arrival New York from Antwerp 29 October 1901. Microfilm Serial: T715, 1897–1957; Microfilm Roll: Roll 0231; Line: 19; Page Number: 129.

Record for Helene M Hollander. Arrival New York from Liverpool 29 August 1919. Microfilm Serial: T715, 1897-1957; Microfilm Roll: Roll 2673; Line: 4; Page Number: 10

Record for Vincenza Machi. Arrival New York from Palermo April 16, 1902. Microfilm Serial: T715, 1897–1957; Microfilm Roll: Roll 0268; Line: 3; Page Number: 59.

Record for Clarence Maloney. Arrival: New York June 13, 1925 on Duilio; Microfilm Serial: T715, 1897-1957; Microfilm Roll: Roll 3667; Line: 10; Page Number: 8

—. New York, State Census, 1915 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012. Original data: State Population Census Schedules, 1915. Albany, New York: New York State Archives.

Record for Alcied [sic] Chalaire. New York State Archives; Albany, New York; State Population Census Schedules, 1915; election district: 18; assembly district: 18; city: New York; County: New York; p.: 46.

Record for Edward Griffiths.  New York State Archives; Albany, New York; State Population Census Schedules, 1915; election district: 14; assembly district: 08; City: New York; County: Kings; p.: 24.

—. New York, State Census, 1925 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012. Original data: State population census schedules, 1925. Albany, New York: New York State Archives.

Record for Wendell Borncamp. New York State Archives; Albany, New York; State Population Census Schedules, 1925; election district: 02; assembly district: 01; city: Murray; county: Orleans; p.: 8.

—. New York, Town Clerks’ Registers of Men Who Served in the Civil War, ca 1861-1865 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.  Original data:  Town Clerks’ Registers of Men Who Served in the Civil War, ca 1865–1867. Microfilm publication, 37 rolls. New York State Archives. Albany, New York.

Record for Cyrus Maxwell Knight.

—. New York, Wills and Probate Records, 1659–1999 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2015.

Record for Frank H Forster. Probate place: Erie, N.Y. Letters of Administration, Vol 0018–0019, 1896–1898. Pg. 520.

—. Ohio Soldiers in WWI, 1917–1918 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005. Original data: The Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines in the World War, 1917–18. Columbus, OH, USA: The F.J. Heer Printing Co., 1926.

Record for Murton L. Campbell.

Record for Robert A. Kelly.

—. Ontario, Canada, Deaths and Deaths Overseas, 1869-1947 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Original data from the Archives of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Record for Katherine Layson [sic; sc. Leyson].

—. Pennsylvania, Death Certificates, 1906–1963 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014. Original data: Pennsylvania (State). Death certificates, 1906–1963. Series 11.90 (1,905 cartons). Records of the Pennsylvania Department of Health, Record Group 11. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.

Record for Francois Dietrick [sic].

Record for John Hurtman Fulford.

Record for Francis J Hagan.

Record for Edward Frank Hollander.

—. Pennsylvania, Passenger and Crew Lists, 1800-1962 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2006. Original data: Selected Passenger and Crew Lists and Manifests. The National Archives at Washington, D.C.

Record for Jack Leighton.

—. Pennsylvania, WWI Veterans Service and Compensation Files, 1917–1919, 1934–1948 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2015. Original data: World War I Veterans Service and Compensation File, 1934–1948. RG 19, Series 19.91. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Harrisburg Pennsylvania.

Record for Guy Maynard Baldwin.

Record for Norman K Berry.

Record for Frank Aloysius Dixon.

Record for Francis J Hagan.

Record for Stanley Cooper Kerk.

Record for Walter Burnside Knox.

—. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Marriage Index, 1885–1951 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data: “Pennsylvania, Philadelphia Marriage Index, 1885–1951.” Index. FamilySearch, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2009. Philadelphia County Pennsylvania Clerk of the Orphans’ Court. “Pennsylvania, Philadelphia marriage license index, 1885–1951.” Clerk of the Orphans’ Court, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Record for Olive L Fulford.

—. Texas, Death Certificates, 1903-1982 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013. Original data: Texas Department of State Health Services. Texas Death Certificates, 1903–1982. Austin, Texas, USA.

Record for Field E. Kindley.

—. UK, Incoming Passenger Lists, 1878-1960 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008. Original data: Board of Trade: Commercial and Statistical Department and successors: Inwards Passenger Lists. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA). Series BT26, 1,472 pieces.

Record for Henry B Frost, arriving Liverpool June 1, 1914, on the Sagamore.

—. UK, Royal Navy Registers of Seamen’s Services, 1900–1928 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014. Original data: Royal Navy Registers of Seamen’s Services. ADM 188. The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, England.

Record for Joseph Woodley Pacy.

—. U.S., Army Transport Service, Passenger Lists, 1910-1939 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2016. Original data: Lists of Incoming Passengers, 1917-1938. Textual records. 360 Boxes. NAI: 6234465. Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General, 1774-1985, Record Group 92. The National Archives at College Park, Maryland.

Record for Harvard DE R. Castle [sic] [Mauretania, dep. Liverpool Feb. 27, 1919; arr. N.Y. March 6, 1919].

Record for Walter Chalaire [Mauretania, dep. Liverpool Nov. 25, 1918; arr. N.Y. Dec. 2, 1918].

Record for Allison H Chapin [Zeelandia, dep. St. Nazaire Feb. 1919].

Record for William T Clements [Dakota, dep. St. Nazaire March 7, 1919].

Record for Burr W Leyson Jr [Cap Finistere, dep. Brest July 3, 1919].

Record for Lloyd Ludwig [Northern Pacific, dep. Liverpool, Oct. 19, 1920].

Record for Clarence B. Maloney [Celtic, dep. Liverpool, Dec. 8, 1918].

—. U.S., Atlantic Ports Passenger Lists, 1820–1873 and 1893–1959 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc., 2010.

Record for Fremont C Foss. Original data: U.S. Citizen Passenger Lists of Vessels arriving at Charleston, South Carolina, November 1919–December 1948. Microfilm Publication A3647. Roll 1. RG 85. ARC ID: 2723261. The National Archives in Washington, DC. U.S.A.

—. U.S., Burial Registers, Military Posts and National Cemeteries, 1862-1960 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012. Original data: Department of Defense. Department of the Army. Office of the Quartermaster General. (09/18/1947–08/01/1962). Burial Registers of Military Post and National Cemeteries, compiled ca. 1862–ca. 1960. ARC ID: 4478151. Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General, 1774–1985, Record Group 92. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.

Record for John Marion Goad.

—. U.S. National Cemetery Interment Control Forms, 1928–1962 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012. Original data: Interment Control Forms, 1928–1962. Interment Control Forms, A1 2110-B. Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General, 1774–1985, Record Group 92. The National Archives at College Park, College Park, Maryland.

Record for Philip Dietz.

—. U.S., Headstone Applications for Military Veterans, 1925–1963 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012. Original data: Applications for Headstones for U.S. Military Veterans, 1925–1941. Microfilm publication M1916, 134 rolls. ARC ID: 596118. Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General, Record Group 92. National Archives at Washington, D.C. Applications for Headstones, compiled 01/01/1925 – 06/30/1970, documenting the period ca. 1776 – 1970 ARC: 596118. Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General, 1774–1985, Record Group 92. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.

Record for William J Armstrong.

Record for Kenneth Maclean Cunningham.

Record for Charles C Fleet.

Record for Lawrence D. Larson.

Record for John Warren Leach.

—. U.S. Passport Applications, 1795–1925 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2007. Original data: Selected Passports. National Archives, Washington, D.C.

Record for Robert Alexander Anderson (1918).

Record for Eugene H Barksdale (1920).

Record for Charles Edward Brown [Sr.] (1920).

Record for Miss Agnes Mary Carpenter (1918).

Record for Paul V Carpenter.

Record for Anna Van Wickle Castle (1916).

Record for Marvin Kent Curtis (1922).

Record for Louise Deetjen (1914).

Record for Ludwig Deetjen (1907).

Record for Marie Louise Deetjen (1922).

Record for John Owen Donaldson

Record for Charles C Fleet (1921).

Record for Fremont Cutler Foss (1923).

Record for Josephine Clifford Frost (1920).

Record for Alfred A Gaipa (1916).

Record for Helene M Hollander (1919).

Record for Clarence Benard [sic] Maloney.

Record for Conrad Henry Matthiessen Jr (1921).

Record for Theose E Tillinghast.

—. U.S., Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936–2007 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2015. Original data: Social Security Applications and Claims, 1936–2007.

Record for John Joseph Devery Jr.

Record for Augustus F Horn.

Record for John Warren Leach.

—. U.S., Social Security Death Index, 1935–Current [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2011. Original data: Social Security Administration. Social Security Death Index, Master File. Social Security Administration.

Record for Bonham H. Bostick. 247-86-2044; issue state: South Carolina; issue date: 1965.

Record for Alfred Gaipa. 028-12-9679; issue state: Massachusetts; issue date: before 1951.

Record for Edward Griffiths. 084-10-5073; issue state: New York; issue date: before 1951.

Record for Charles L. Heater. 335-10-2433; issue State: Illinois; issue date: before 1951.

Record for Anker Jensen.  356-32-9716; issue state: Illinois; issue date: 1956–1958.

Record for Edward Landon. 496-01-8353; Issue State: Missouri; issue date: before 1951.

—. U.S., Sons of the American Revolution Membership Applications, 1889-1970 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data: Sons of the American Revolution Membership Applications, 1889-1970. Louisville, Kentucky: National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution. Microfilm, 508 rolls.

Membership application made by Marshall Bevin on June 14, 1929. Volume 244.

—. U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917–1918 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005. Original data: United States, Selective Service System. World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917–1918. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. Microfilm publication number M1509.

Record for Earl Adams. Pennsylvania; county: Philadelphia; draft board: 23.

Record for Robert Alexander Anderson. Hawaii; county: Hawaii; roll: 1452095; draft board: 1.

Record for William Joseph Armstrong. Pennsylvania; county: Philadelphia; draft board: 43.

Record for Guy Maynard Baldwin. Pennsylvania; county: Lycoming; roll: 1927079.

Record for Eugene Hoy Barksdale. Mississippi; county: Rankin.

Record for Leslie Alfred Benson. New York; county: Chemung; roll: 1712364.

Record for Vaston Phils Bevin II, [Newton Philo Bevin]. New York; county: Queens; roll: 1818486; draft board: 184.

Record for Allen Tracy Bird Jr. Texas; county: Bexar; roll: 1983588; draft board: 3.

Record for Thomas Welch Balckburn, Jr. Arkansas; county: Washington; roll: 1530648.

Record for Wendell Ellison Borncamp. New York; county: Monroe; roll: 1818803; draft board: 3.

Record for George Atherton Brader. Pennsylvania; county: Luzerne; roll: 1893752; draft board: 09.

Record for Charles Edward Brown, Jr. Illinois; county: Lake; roll: 1614030; draft board: 1.

Record for Laurance [sic] K Callahan. Illinois; county: Cook; roll: 1503826; draft board: 46.

Record for Jesse Frank Campbell. Michigan; county: Oakland; roll: 1682690; draft board: 2.

Record for Murton Llewellyn Campbell. Ohio; county: Huron; roll: 1832250.

Record for Donald E Carlton. Rhode Island; county: Bristol and Providence; roll: 1852212.

Record for Harvard Castle. Puerto Rico; county: Manati; roll: 2023195.

Record for Walter Chalaire. New York; county: New York; roll: 1786820; draft board: 158.

Record for Allison Henderson Chapin. Maryland; county: Montgomery; roll: 1684374.

Record for Galloway G Cheston. Maryland; county: Anne Arundel; roll: 1654041.

Record for Dana Edmund Coates. Colorado; county: Denver; roll: 1561843; draft board: 7.

Record for James Mitchell Coburn Jr. Missouri; county: Jackson; roll: 1683332; draft board: 04.

Record for Edward Matthew Cronin. New Jersey; county: Hudson; roll: 1711905; draft board: 2.

Record for Ralf A Crookston. Michigan; county: Wayne; roll: 2023750; draft board: 03.

Record for Kenneth M Cunningham. New York; county: Monroe; roll: 1818713; draft board: 1.

Record for Marvin Kent Curtis. Ohio; county: Lucas; roll: 1851196; draft board: 2

Record for Leonard J Desson. New York; county: Rensselaer; roll: 1819050; draft board: 2.

Record for John Joseph Devery. New York; county: Westchester; roll: 1819126; draft board: 2.

Record for Philip Dietz. New Jersey; county: Union; roll: 1765549; draft board: 1.

Record for Charles William Harold Douglass. New York; county: Onondaga; roll: 1819044; draft board: 4.

Record for Albert Frank Everett. West Virginia; county: Lewis; roll: 1992561.

Record for Charles C Fleet. New Jersey; county: Bergen; roll: 1711912; draft board: 5.

Record for Linn Humphrey Forster. New York; county: Erie; roll: 1712125; draft board: 09.

Record for Fremont Cutler Foss. New Jersey; county: Hudson; roll: 1712208; draft board: 05

Record for Henry Bradley Frost. Massachusetts; county: Middlesex; roll: 1684686; draft board: 30.

Record for Clarence Horne Fry. Tennessee; county: Maury; roll: 1877494.

Record for John Hartman [sic] Fulford. Pennsylvania; county: Clearfield; roll: 1877877; draft board: 1.

Record for Roy Olin Garver. District of Columbia; county: Washington; roll: 1570936; draft board: 03.

Record for John Marion Goad. Missouri; county: Greene.

Record for John M Gavock Grider [sic]. Arkansas; county: Mississippi; roll: 1530562; draft board: 2.

Record for Edward A Griffiths. New York; county: Kings; roll: 1754305; draft board: 39

Record for Francis Joseph Hagan. Pennsylvania; county: Philadelphia; roll: 1907644; draft board: 23.

Record for Lloyd Andrews Hamilton. Massachusetts; county: Berkshire; roll: 1674426.

Record for Temple Paul Hardin. Arkansas; county: Sebastian; roll: 1530579; draft board: 1.

Record for Charles Lewis [sic] Heater. North Dakota; county: Morton; roll: 1819448.

Record for Thomas John Herbert. Ohio; county: Cuyahoga; roll: 1831860; draft board: 15.

Record for Parr Hooper. New Jersey; county: Camden; roll: 1711991; draft board: 2.

Record for Harry Barbour Irwin. District of Columbia; county: Washington; roll: 1556844; draft board: 09.

Record for Anker C Jensen. Illinois; county: Kankakee.

Record for Robert Arthur Kelly. Ohio; county: Greene; roll: 1832237.

Record for Stanley Kerk. Pennsylvania; county: Delaware; roll: 1877947; draft board: 3.

Record for Field E Kindley. Kansas; county: Montgomery; roll: 1643725; draft board: 2.

Record for Clayton Knight. New York; county: New York; roll: 1766383; draft board: 135.

Record for Walter Burnside Knox. Pennsylvania; county: Allegheny; roll: 1908756; draft board: 08.

Record for Henry Donald Lawrence. Colorado; county: Denver; roll: 1561810; draft board: 8.

Record for Bradley Clever [sic] Lawton. Illinois; county: Cook; roll: 1493510; draft board: 17.

Record for John Warren Leach. Alabama; county: Tuscaloosa; roll: 1509425.

Record for John Joseph Leighton. Pennsylvania; county: Philadelphia; roll: 1907647; draft board: 27.

Record for Burr Watkin [sic] Leyson. Massachusetts; county: Suffolk; roll: 1684680; draft board: 25.

Record for Burr W Leyson Jr. New York; county: Clinton; roll: 1712297; draft board: 1.

Record for Clarance [sic] Bernard Maloney. Michigan; county: Kalamazoo; roll: 1675764.

Record for Roger Edwin Martz. Maryland; county: Washington; roll: 1684872; draft board: 2.

Record for William Wyman Mathews. Illinois; county: Cook; roll: 1452473; draft board: 06.

Record for Conral Henry Matthiessen Jr. Jr [sic]. New York; county: Westchester; roll: 1819126; draft board: 2.

Record for Leo McCarthy. Massachusetts; county: Plymouth; roll: 1684752; draft board: 37.

—. U.S., World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Original data: United States, Selective Service System. Selective Service Registration Cards, World War II: Fourth Registration. Records of the Selective Service System, Record Group Number 147. National Archives and Records Administration.

Record for Ralf Andrews Crookston. Michigan. NAI: 623283.

Record for Kenneth Maclean [sic] Cunningham. NAI: 2555973.

Record for Raphael S De Mitkiewicz. New York. NAI: 2555973.

Record for Adolf Drey. Illinois. NAI: 623284.

Record for John Hortman [sic] Fulford. Ohio. NAI: 623234.

Record for Charles Louis Heater. Illinois. NAI: 623284.

Record for Augustus Francis Horn. Massachusetts. No NAI provided.

Record for Edmond T Keenan. New York. NAI 2555973 [?].

Record for Bradley Cleaver Lawton. Minnesota. NAI: 598912.

Record for Burr Watkin [sic] Leyson. New York. NAI 2555973 [?].

—. U.S. WWII Draft Cards Young Men, 1940-1947 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data: National Archives and Records Administration. Record Group 147: Records of the Selective Service System, 1926 – 1975.

Record for Edward Frank Hollander. NAI: 5324575.

—. Virginia, Death Records, 1912–2014 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2015. Original data: Virginia, Deaths, 1912–2014. Virginia Department of Health, Richmond, Virginia.

Record for William Thomas Clements.

Record for Roger Edwin Martz.

—. Washington, Marriage Records, 1854-2013 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012. Washington, Marriage Records, 1854-2013 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012. Original data: Washington State Archives. Olympia, Washington: Washington State Archives.

Record for B W Leyson.

—.  Wisconsin, Birth Index, 1820-1907 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2000. Original data: Wisconsin Department of Health and Family Services. Wisconsin Vital Record Index, pre-1907. Madison, WI, USA: Wisconsin Department of Health and Family Services Vital Records Division; Wisconsin Historical Society. Pre-1907 Vital Records Collection. Madison, WI, USA: Wisconsin Historical Society Library Archives.

Record for Paul V Carpenter.

—. Wisconsin Death Index, 1959–1997 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Wisconsin Vital Records Office. Wisconsin Death Index, 1959–67, 1969–97. Madison, Wisconsin, USA: Wisconsin Department of Health.

Record for Paul V. Carpenter.

Ancestry.com and Ohio Department of Health. Ohio, Deaths, 1908–1932, 1938–2007 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010. Original data: Ohio Department of Health. Index to Annual Deaths, 1958–2002. Ohio Department of Health, State Vital Statistics Unit, Columbus, OH, USA.

Record for Fremont C Foss. Certificate: 073467; volume: 27866.

Record for Thomas J. Herbert. Certificate: 075333; Volume: 21854.

Ancestry.com and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1880 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010. Original data: Tenth Census of the United States, 1880. (NARA microfilm publication T9, 1,454 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C.

Record for Charles M Coats [sic]. 1880 U.S. Census; Marysville, Union, Ohio; roll: 1073; p.: 91C; e.d.: 076

Record for Jas. M. Coburn. 1880 U.S. Census; Kansas City, Jackson, Missouri; roll: 693; p.: 482D; e.d.: 018.

Records for Henry and Louise Deson [sic]. 1880 U.S. Census; Brunswick, Rensselaer, New York; roll: 922; p.: 300A; e.d.: 163.

Records for Francis and Barbara Deitrich [sic]. 1880 U.S. Census; Pittsburgh, Allegheny, Pennsylvania; roll: 1092; p.: 520C; e.d.: 123.

Record for Samuel Garver. 1880 U.S. Census; Parker, Clark, Illinois; roll: 181; p.: 170D; e.d.: 042.

Records for Lizzie, Max, and Jenette Helman [sic]. 1880 U.S. Census; Cincinnati, Hamilton, Ohio; roll: 1028; p.: 68C; e.d.: 168.

Record for Milton Jones. 1880 U.S. Census; Darwin, Clark, Illinois; roll: 181; p.: 47B; e.d.: 034.

Anderson, H[enry] Graeme. The Medical and Surgical Aspects of Aviation. London: The Joint Committee of Henry Frowde and Hodder & Stoughton at the Oxford Press Warehouse, 1919.

“Anderson, R. A.” (web page). At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site].  Accessed April 13, 2017. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/7000235789-anderson-r.a

Anderson, Robert A. [Account of capture and escape, installments with varying titles]. McClure’s. August 1919–February 1920. “The Dawn Patrol” August 1919, 20–21, 62–64; “Days in a German Prison Hospital” September 1919, 24–25, 62–68; “Trudging along with the Boches” October 1919, 12–13, 69, 71; “Long Days in Captivity” November 1919, 23–24, 49–50; “At Last We Escape” December 1919, 29–30, 61–62, 64; “In Full Swing for Freedom” January 1920, 32, 71–73, 75–76; and “The Thrill of Getting Through” February 1920, 28, 68–72.

Anna. “Bonham Hagood Bostick” [web page]. At Find A Grave [web site]. Accessed October 12, 2015.  https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/142218493

Appletons’ Annual Cyclopaedia and Register of Important Events of the Year 1901. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1902.

“Arkansas ‘Ace’ Downed 11 ½ Huns.” Daily Arkansas Gazette (Little Rock, Arkansas), December 13, 1918, p. 8.

“Arkansas’ Second Ace Fort Smith Boy.” Daily Arkansas Gazette, November 3, 1918 [page number not known].

Arkansas Weimaraner Rescue [web site]. Accessed April 23, 2018.  https://www.arkansasweimrescue.org/history-of-weims.html

“Arlington Boy Gets First Lieutenancy.” Boston Post, April 17, 1918, 9.

“Armstrong, W. T. [sic; sc. J.]” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed August 17, 2016. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/armstrong-w.t

Asheville School. Yearbook of Asheville School, Asheville, N.C., Founded, 1900: 1915–1916. [Asheville, North Carolina: Asheville School, 1916].

“Attached to No. 56: Excerpts from the Diary of Paul S. Winslow.” Cross & Cockade: Journal of the Society of World War I Aero Historians. 12.4 (Winter 1971): 309–22.

“Aviation Activities in the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF).” National Archives Catalogue entry in (series) “Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities, 1947 – 1984,” in (record group) 342. National Archives Identifier 66118. Accessed May 30, 2016. https://catalog.archives.gov/id/66118

“Aviation Activities in the A.E.F., Miscellaneous Scenes [1918].” In (series) “Historical Films, ca. 1914–1936,” in (record group) 111. National Archives Identifier 24993. Accessed May 30, 2016. https://catalog.archives.gov/id/24993

“Aviation Artist, Clayton Knight Dies in Danbury.” Hartford Courant (Hartford, Connecticut), July 18, 1969,  12.

“Aviation Novices Qualify.” New York Times, August 5, 1917, 3.

“Aviation School List Cut.” New York Times, July 12, 1917, 4.

“Awarded the Distinguished Flying Medal.” Supplement to the London Gazette. No. 30913 (September 21, 1918): 11256–58.

Bailey, Frank W. & Paul Chamberlain. “No. 48 Squadron RFC/RAF.” Over the Front 4.2 (Summer 1989): 99–147.

Baldwin, Charles Candee. The Baldwin Genealogy from 1500 to 1881. Cleveland: [The Leader Printing Company], 1881.

“Baldwin House Historical Background” [web page]. At Sullivan County Pa Historical Society and Museum [web site]. Accessed September 7, 2015. http://scpahistory.com/museum/baldwin_house_historical_background

Ballard, Jack Stokes. War Bird Ace: The Great War Exploits of Capt. Field E. Kindley. College Station, Texas: Texas A & M University Press, 2007.

Ballenger and Richards Denver Directory 1916. Denver: Ballenger & Richards, 1916.

Balmaceda, Daniel. Historias de corceles y de acero (de 1810 a 1824). Buenos Aires: Editorial Sudamericana, 2010. Cited from unpaginated ebook.

Baltimore Polytechnic Institute.  Annual Register Twenty-Fifth Academic Year 1909–1910. [Baltimore]: n.p., n.d.

“Barksdale, E. H.” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed August 3, 2016. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/barksdale-e.h

“Barksdale, E.H. (Eugene H.)” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed August 3, 2016. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/barksdale-e.h.-eugene-h

Barksdale, Eugene Hoy. “The Diary of Lt. Eugene Hoy Barksdale 1917–1918.” Transcription typed by Sara Jo Gibbs in 1986. I am grateful to Barksdale’s niece, Shannon O’Keefe Hetter, for giving me a copy of the typescript.

Barksdale, John Augustus. Barksdale Family History and Genealogy (with Collateral Lines). [Richmond: William Byrd Press], 1940.

“Barksdale Information” [web page posted 10/31/2014]. At Barksdale Air Force Base [web site]. Accessed March 11, 2015. http://www.barksdale.af.mil/library/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=4409

Barnard, Ella K.  Early Maltby, with some Roades history and that of the Maulsby family in America, descendants of William and Mary Maltby, emigrants from Nottinghamshire, England to Pennsylvania. Baltimore, 1909.

Barnard, Wm. N. “The U. S. Army School of Military Aeronautics at Cornell University.” Sibley Journal of Engineering. 33.5 (June 1919): 63–65.

Barrass, M. B.   “No 51 – 55 Squadron Histories” [web page]. At his Air of Authority – A History of RAF Organisation [web site]. Accessed January 4, 2018. http://www.rafweb.org/Squadrons/Sqn051-55.htm

—. “No 71 – 75 Squadron Histories” [web page]. At his Air of Authority – A History of RAF Organisation [web site]. Accessed August 18, 2017. http://www.rafweb.org/Squadrons/Sqn071-75.htm

—. “No 86 – 90 Squadron Histories” [web page]. At his Air of Authority – A History of RAF Organisation [web site]. Accessed July 26, 2013. http://www.rafweb.org/Sqn086-90.htm

—. “No 96 – 100 Squadron Histories” [web page]. At his Air of Authority – A History of RAF Organisation [web site]. Accessed October 17, 2017. http://www.rafweb.org/Squadrons/Sqn096-100.htm

“Base Section No. 2 (Bordeaux), Ceremonies and, Activities of Troops Returning to the U.S. [1919]” [film footage].  National Archives and Records Administration.  Accessed March 1, 2018. https://catalog.archives.gov/id/24883

“Batty, Horace Walter” [web page]. At Commonwealth War Graves Commission [web site]. Accessed May 2, 2016.

Bateman, Newton, Paul Selby, Harvey B. Hurd, and Robert D. Sheppard, eds. Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois and History of Evanston. 2 vols. Chicago: Munnell Publishing Company, 1906.

Bechtol, Harold E. “One Yankee Aviator Whips 8 Hun Planes in Crippled Machine.” New Castle Herald (New Castle, Pennsylvania), September 16, 1918, 10.

Belgrano Lagache, Marcos Juan. Árbol Genealógico, page for John William Lavalle Schutte.  At Geneanet [web site]. https://gw.geneanet.org/markos1?lang=es&pz=marcos+juan&nz=belgrano+lagache&p=john+william&n=lavalle+schutte

Benedict [Charles Calvert]. “Special orders No. 192.” [Document issued at HQ 3rd Aviation Instruction Center on July 14, 1918]. Copy among Harold E. Goettler papers at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force at Dayton, Ohio. I am grateful to Steve Ruffin for supplying a copy.

—. “Special orders No. 194.” [Document issued at HQ 3rd Aviation Instruction Center on July 14, 1918]. Copy among items belonging to Edmond Thomas Keenan being auctioned; I am grateful to Mike O’Neal for forwarding screen shots of the papers.

Benson, Albert Emerson, ed. Saint Mark’s School in the War against Germany. Norwood, MA: The Plimpton Press, 1920.

“Benson Elected Captain of E.F.A. Football Team.” Olean Evening Herald (Olean, N.Y.), February 19, 1915, 4.

Benson, Leslie A. A. Leslie A. A. Benson Collection, 1917-1919. In the archives at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center of the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. (See archival record at https://airandspace.si.edu/collection-objects/leslie-benson-collection-1917-1919.)

“Benson, Leslie A. A., MD.” Buffalo Courier Express (Buffalo, N.Y.), May 30, 1964, 6.

“Berry, (Norman)” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed August 8, 2016. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/berry-norman

Berryman, Ivan. “WW1 Aces Hundredth Painting WIP” [web page]. At Ivanberryman.com [web site]. http://www.ivanberryman.com/ww1_aces_hundredth_painting_wip.htm

Bevin Bros. Manufacturing Company [web site]. Accessed at http://bevinbells.com/ September 23, 2015.

“Bevin, Newton Philo, Jr. (1895–1976), Architect” [web page]. At Philadelphia Architects and Buildings [web site]. Accessed September 23, 2015. https://www.philadelphiabuildings.org/pab/app/ar_display.cfm/449473

Bingham, Hiram. An Explorer in the Air Service. New Haven: Yale UP, 1920.

“Bird, A.F. [sic]” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed January 4, 2017. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/7000265362-bird-a.f

“Birmingham Real Estate Man Dies.” The Montgomery Advertiser (Montgomery, Alabama), February 2, 1954, 11.

“Bissel [sic], G. H.” [web page]. At Commonwealth War Graves Commission [web site]. Accessed May 12, 2016.

“Black Hills College of Aviation Brochure.” Link at “EDWIN “Eddie” JOSEPH HEFLEY, Sr.” [web page]. At Clover Field Santa Monica, CA [web site].  Accessed August 31, 2017. https://cloverfield.org/people/hefley_ea/1929_Black_Hills_Coll_of_Aviation_Brochure.pdf

Black, Ruby A. “45 Wisconsin Mothers will Visit France.” The Post-Crescent (Appleton, Wisconsin), April 1, 1931, 12.

Blanford, John Stephen. “Sans Escort: Reminiscences of 206 Squadron RAF.” Cross & Cockade Journal Great Britain 7.4 (Winter 1976): 145–65; 8.1 (Spring 1977): 10–24.

The Blue and Gold: The Yearbook of the Staunton Military Academy. Staunton, Virginia: [n.p.]: 1919.

“Blue-tail Fokkers, Sept. 24, 1918” [discussion thread]. At The Aerodrome Forum [web site]. Accessed November 17, 2017. www.theaerodrome.com/forum/showthread.php?t=68471

“Body of Lieut. John M. Goad Found.” Springfield Missouri Republican, May 7, 1922), 1 & 10. I am grateful to Michael Price of the Springfield-Greene County Library District for locating a copy of the continuation of this article, which has been inadvertently omitted from the microfilm edition, and for his transcription of much of the text.

Bohannon, Shawn M., John Andrew Prime, and H. D. Rigg. Barksdale Air Force Base. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing, 2002.

“Bonham, H.B. (Hagood Bostick)” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed August 9, 2016. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/bonham-h.b.-hagood-bostick

The Book of Prominent Pennsylvanians: A Standard Reference. Pittsburgh: Leader Publishing Co., 1913.

Boone, Jay. “Dr Leslie A A Benson” [web page]. At Find a Grave [web site]. Accessed March 30, 2017.  https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/54511578

—. “Lieut Linn Humphrey Forster” [web page]. At Find a Grave [web site]. Accessed June 17, 2016.  https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/69155002

“Bostick, B.H. (B. Hagood)” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed August 9, 2016. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/bostick-b.h.-b.-hagood

“Boston Officer Shown in Group of Captives.” The Boston Globe, October 24, 1918, 9.

Boston University. The Year Book 1917–1918. Boston: Boston University, 1917. (Boston University Bulletin 6.5 pt. 2 [September 1917].)

“Boswell A.T.W and Gundill R.P. crashed and missing” [discussion thread]. At Great War Forum. At The Long, Long Trail: the British Army in the Great War [web site]. Accessed March 15, 2017. http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php?/topic/232807-boswell-atw-and-gundill-rp-crashed-and-missing/

“Brader, G. A. (George Atherton)” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed August 11, 2016. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/brader-g.a.-george-atherton

Bradley, Leonard Abram. Descendants of Isaac Bradley of Branford and East Haven, Connecticut 1650–1898. New York: Privately Printed, 1917.

“Breezy Letter from Lieut Leyson, Aviator.” The Boston Globe, July 2, 1918, 2.

Brew, Steve. “41 Squadron Nominal Roll, April 1916–February 1919” [web page]. At his 41 (F) Squadron RAF at War and Peace, April 1916–March 1946 [web site]. Accessed September 16, 2015. http://brew.clients.ch/nomroll16-19.htm

“Brigadier General Thomas W. Blackburn” [web page]. At U.S. Air Force [web site]. Accessed March 13, 2015. http://www.af.mil/AboutUs/Biographies/Display/tabid/225/Article/108054/brigadier-general-thomas-w-blackburn.aspx

“British First World War Trench Maps, 1915-1918″ [web page]. At National Library of Scotland [web site]. Accessed December 15, 2017. http://maps.nls.uk/ww1/trenches/index.html

“Brooklyn Aviators May Go to Canada.” The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, July 11, 2017, 16.

“Brother of Mrs C. J. Wood Buried Overseas; Killed in War Year Ago.” The Cayuga Chief (Weedsport, New York), August 1, 1919, 5.

Brown, Robin A. “A Short History of No. 81 Squadron Royal Air Force 1917–1963.” 1963. Web page. http://81squadron.com/81%20Sqdn%20History%20-%20Part%201.htm

Bruce, J[ohn] M[cIntosh]. “The Avro 504.” Parts 1, 2.  Flight and Aircraft Engineer No. 2372, Vol. 66 (July 9, 1954); 41–44; No. 2373, Vol. 66 (July 16, 1954): 83–88.

—.  “The De Havilland D.H.9.” Parts 1, 2. Flight and Aircraft Engineer No. 2463, Vol. 69 (April 6, 1956): 385–88, 392; No. 2464, vol. 69 (April 13, 1956): 422–426.

“Brush up on French at Plattsburg Camp.” The Boston Globe, July 3, 1917, 14.

Bryan, James T. et al., eds. Class history 1914 Sheffield Scientific School Yale University. New Haven: Tuttle Morehouse & Taylor, 1914.

“Bulkley, H.K.” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed January 8, 2017. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/bulkley-h.k

C. E. Brown Jr. Of Lake Forest Now a British Flyer.” Chicago Tribune. 77.12 (March 24, 1918). Part 1, p. 9, col. 3.

Cablegrams 552-S, 597-S, 602-S, 612-S, 650-S, 660-S, 678-S, 691-S, 694-S, 702-S, 731-S, 739-S, 750-S, 756-S, 782-S, 811-S, 831-S, 858-S, 874-S, 1029-S, 1047-S. In Gorrell A.21.

Cablegrams 746-R, 813-R, 821-R, 852-R, 857-R, 889-R, 900-R, 936-R, 955-R, 967-R, 979-R, 985-R, 1008-R, 1028-R, 1046-R, 1049-R, 1303-R, 1331-R, 1337-R. In Gorrell A.22.

Cablegrams 631-S, 652-S, 726-S, 731-S, 823-S, 2456-S. In WWI Military Cablegrams – AEF and War Dept. Main Series, AEF HQ to War Dept. Accessed at Fold3.com.

“Cadets Enjoy Their Usual Sunday Rest.” Wilkes-Barre Times Leader, July 2, 1917, 9.

“Callahan ’15 Thrice Honored.” Cornell Alumni News. 21.37 (June 19, 1919): 451.

Callender, Alvin Andrew. War in an Open Cockpit: The Wartime Letters of Captain Alvin Andrew Callender, R.A.F. Ed. Gordon W. Callender, Jr., and Gordon W. Callender, Sr. West Roxbury, Massachusetts: World War I Aero Publishers, 1978.

“Camel Questions” [discussion thread]. At The Aerodrome Forum [web site]. http://www.theaerodrome.com/forum/showthread.php?t=66488

“Camp Mills Ringing To-day with Tales of Valor in Air, Brought by New York Boys.” The Evening World (New York, New York), December 3, 1918, 8.

Campbell, Jesse Frank. Letters to Robert Orville Crosthwaite 1917-1918. Possession of Campbell’s grandson, Duncan Campbell. I am grateful to Duncan Campbell for making them available to me and for permission to quote from them.

Campbell, Murton L. World War One Burial File. At the National Archives, National Personnel Records Center, St. Louis, Missouri.

Campbell, Murton Llewellyn. Diary. Published in installments under the title “‘In Flander’s [sic] Fields’” in The Norwalk Reflector-Herald (Norwalk, Ohio) from June 6–July 8, 1930. It is not known where the original diary currently is, if it still exists. I am grateful to Campbell’s great-nephew, David Campbell, for bringing the newspaper publication of the diary to my attention. A typescript of the diary is preserved at the Air Force Historical Research Agency at Maxwell Air Force Base in Alabama, filed under the number: SQ-FI-17-SU-PE part 14.

“Cantarrana–Ledere” [wedding announcement]. The New York Times, June 2, 1929, 58.

“Captain Oliver Colin Le Boutillier” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed February 19, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/29390

“Captain Pery, Edmond William Claude Gerard de Vere” [web page]. At Commonwealth War Graves Commission [web site]. Accessed September 7, 2019.

“Captain Sturley Philip Simpson Bedfordshire” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed September 7, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/22092

“Carlton, D. E.” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed August 11, 2016. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/carlton-d.e

“Castle, H.” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site].  Accessed May 24, 2017. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/castle-h

“Castle–Van Wickle.” The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, October 6, 1908, 6.

Catalogue of Official A.E.F. Photographs Taken by the Signal Corps. See: United States, War Department, General Staff.

Catalogue of the University of Alabama for the College Year 1914–15 and Announcements for 1915–16. N.p: n.p., n.y.

“Cavalry Veterans Hold 1st Reunion Since Border Days.” The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, May 22, 1931, 26.

“Certificates Granted.” Flying. 5.9 (October 1916): 388.

“Chalaire, W.” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site].  Accessed May 25, 2017. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/chalaire-w

Chalaire, Walter F. “Thanksgiving Day with the Aviators Abroad.” Clipping (name of newspaper not included) reproduced on p. 37 of Payden, J.R.: Joseph R. Payden, 1915–1925. This article was published a number of times, including in the “Magazine of the War” (p. 2) of the San Antonio Light (San Antonio, Texas), January 20, 1918; The Ogden Examiner (Ogden, Utah), February 3, 1918, 17; and elsewhere, also under slightly different headlines.

Chamberlain, Don. “Three American Aviators Escape Teuton Prison.” The Seattle Star, November 8, 1918, p. 10.

“Charles Edward Brown Jr.” [obituary]. Chicago Tribune, November 9, 1949, 29.

“Charles H. Dixon” [obituary]. The Pittsburgh Press, August 14, 1914, 5.

“Charles Purcell [sic] Macklin First Lieutenant, R.A.F.” The International Studio 66.261 (November 1918): 2 & 4.

“Charles Wh [sic] Douglass” [web page]. At American Battle Monuments Commission [web site]. Accessed May 10, 2016. https://www.abmc.gov/node/348788 See also for a picture of the grave marker: http://66.43.22.135/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=56098157

The Chicago Blue Book of Selected Names of Chicago and Suburban Towns . . . for the Year Ending 1911. [Chicago]: The Chicago Directory Company, 1910.

“Chicago Soprano Sings for Louisville Children.” Musical America 27.1 (May 5, 1917): 39.

“Chinese Air Corps.” The Leader-Post (Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada), May 10, 1928, 18.

[Civil engineering theses, 1915]. Catalogue record of the Dartmouth College Library. Accessed July 29, 2016. http://libcat.dartmouth.edu/record=b3820073~S1

Clapp, Frederick Mortimer. A History of the 17th Aero Squadron. N.p.: n.p., 1920. This is the edition cited in the text unless otherwise indicated.

—. A History of the 17th Aero Squadron. N.p.: n.p., 1918. Gorrell E.4: 7–133. Cited as Clapp, A History of the 17th Aero Squadron (1918).

Class of ’71, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md. New York: The Grafton Press, 1902.

“Class Letters and Personal Items.” Rutgers Alumni Monthly 2.1 (October 1922): 16-28.

“The Classes.” Amherst Graduates’ Quarterly 6.3 (May 1917): 197-221.

Clay, Henry Robinson, Jr. “148th American Squadron Album.” August 1918. In the “Henry R. Clay, Jr. Papers” at the Eugene McDermott Library at the University of Texas at Dallas. Digitized and available at The Portal to Texas History, a digital repository hosted by the University of North Texas Libraries. Accessed August 16, 2016. https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth705993/

Clements, H[arris] G[eorge]. “Flying with 74.” D. Whetton, ed.  Cross & Cockade Journal Great Britain 4.1 (Spring 1973): 47–49.

Clements, William Thomas. Diary (autograph manuscript). In the collections of the Virginia War Museum in Newport News, Virginia.

—. Photo album. In the collections of the Virginia War Museum in Newport News, Virginia.

—. “World War Diary of W. T. Clements 1917-1918” [typescript]. In the William T. Clements Papers, 1917–1918, Manuscript Collection #211. East Carolina University, Library, Special Collections and Archives. This is a transcript of Clements’s manuscript diary beginning September 1, 1917. Entries for some dates have been summarized and not transcribed in full, and the entries for June–August 1917 have not been transcribed. Citations are generally from the typescript, but from the manuscript where its entries are lacking in the typescript. In late 2015 or early 2016, Clements’s daughter donated Clements’s original diaries, a copy of the diary typescript, and other materials to the Virginia War Museum in Newport News, Virginia. The materials at East Carolina University may have since been deaccessioned.

“Clip Wing” [discussion thread].  At The Aerodrome Forum [web site]. Accessed June 21, 2019. http://www.theaerodrome.com/forum/showthread.php?t=71572

Cobby, A. H. High Adventure. Melbourne, Robertson & Mullens [1942]. Revised edition: Melbourne, Australia: Kookaburra Technical Publications, 1981.

Coburn, Silas R. and George A. Gordon. Genealogy of the Descendants of Edward Colburn / Coburn. Lowell, Massachusetts: Courier-Citizen Company Press, 1913.

“Col. Edward Landon.” Daily Press (Newport News, Virginia), March 18, 1971, 12.

Cole, Donald B. “Memoirs of Lt. Donald B. Cole, 135th Aero Sqdn., USAS.” Cross and Cockade 6.2 (Summer 1965): 152–63.

“Cole, Montague Henry” [web page]. At Commonwealth War Graves Commission [web site]. Accessed April 5, 2016.

Coleman, Wallace Angus. Partial diary of Wallace Coleman, Flight Commander 135th Squadron, in France [typescript]. Posted (in gallery) by jcoleman8888 to Lt. Wallace A Coleman [person page] at “Coleman1″ [Ancestry.com family tree].

The College of Wooster. Catalog of the Alumni Faculty and Officers 1870–1916. Wooster, Ohio: Published by the College, July 1916. (The College of Wooster Bulletin, Series 10, Nr. 2).

“College News.” The Dartmouth Alumni Magazine 11.5 (March 1919): 231-44.

Columbia University in the City of New York. Catalogue 1914–1915. Morningside Heights, New York: Columbia University in the City of New York, n.d.

—. Directory of Officers and Students 1922–1923. Columbia University Bulletin of Information. Morningside Hights: Columbia University, [n.d.].

“Combat reports by Lloyd Andrews Hamilton (USAS) with No. 3 Squadron R.A.F.” [discussion thread]. At The Aerodrome Forum. Accessed September 21, 2017. http://www.theaerodrome.com/forum/showthread.php?p=712806

Commemorative Biographical Record of the Counties of Brown, Kewaunee and Door, Wisconsin. Chicago: J. H. Beers & Co., 1895.

“Confirmed Victories U.S. Aero Squadron # 17 Attached to Royal Air Force.” Gorrell M.38: 43–44.

“Confirmed Victories U.S. Air Service Officers Attached to Royal Air Force Squadrons.” Gorrell M.38: 41–42.

“Confirmed Victories U.S. Air Service Officers with Independent Air Force.” Gorrell M.38: 42.

Congressional Record, Senate, March 15, 1928, p.4757. Accessed March 11, 2019. https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/GPO-CRECB-1928-pt5-v69/pdf/GPO-CRECB-1928-pt5-v69-2-1.pdf

Connecticut Department of Health. Connecticut Death Index, 1949–2012. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2003. Original data: Connecticut Department of Health. Connecticut Death Index, 1949–2001. Hartford, CT, USA: Connecticut Department of Health. Accessed at Ancestry.com.

Record for Newto P Bevin [sic]. State file #: 21384

Cook, Fulton. “Lieut. Lloyd A. Hamilton of the 17th Aero Squadron.” Cross & Cockade 20.1 (Spring 1979): 66-84.

Cornell University. Catalogue Number 1913–1914 (Official Publications of Cornell University 5.16). Ithaca: Cornell University, September 1, 1914.

Cornell University. Cornell Alumni Directory. Cornell University Official Publication 13.12 (May 15, 1922). Ithaca, NY: Published by the University, 1922.

The Cornellian. Vol. 48. Ithaca, NY, 1916.

The Cornellian and Class Book: The Yearbook of Cornell University, 1918. N.p.: n.p., [1917].

“Cornellians Flee Hun Prison.” Ithaca Daily News (Ithaca, New York), November 1, 1918, 3.

“Correction to WW1 pilot Will Hubbard please” [discussion thread]. At The Aerodrome Forum [web site]. Accessed September 19, 2017. http://www.theaerodrome.com/forum/showthread.php?t=28913

“‘Count’ Mitkiewicz Dies at Asbury Park.” New York Times, May 15, 1901, 9.

“Courage & Heroism Tour” [web page]. At Flanders Field American Cemetery [web site] under the aegis of http://abmc.nomadmobileguides.com. Accessed August 11, 2017. http://abmc.nomadmobileguides.com/Flanders.php?page=guidedTour&id=cont-4601

Crane, Ellery Bicknell. Historic Homes and Institutions and Genealogical and Personal Memoirs of Worcester County, Massachusetts: With a History of Worcester Society of Antiquity. 4 vols. New York: Lewis Publishing, 1907.

Crites, Janice (Teel). “Lloyd E. Thrall” [web page]. At Find a Grave [web site]. Accessed February 16, 2016.  Now “Pvt Lloyd Etton Thrall” (April 25, 2019).   https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/140863016

—. “2LT Loren R. Thrall” [web page]. At Find a Grave [web site]. Accessed February 16, 2016.  https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/140864139

“Crookston, Ralf A. [death notice].” Detroit Free Press, November 26, 1962, 18.

Crowell, Benedict, and Robert Forrest Wilson. Demobilization: Our Industrial and Military Demobilization after the Armistice 1918–1920. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1921.

“Cruises in the Sun” [blog entry 265]. At Yours in . . . Sharing the Johnston Adventures [blog site]. Accessed September 21, 2016. http://johnston9494.blogspot.com/2008/01/265-cruises-in-sun.html

Cubbison, Douglas R. “‘His Hand on the Stick, His Wings on His Chest’: Lt. Eugene Hoy Barksdale in the First World War.” Over the Front 13.4 (Winter 1998): 345-55.

Cullum, George W. Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York, Since its Establishment in 1802. Supplement, volume VI-A 1910–1920. Ed. Wirt Robinson. Saginaw, Michigan: n.p., 1920.

Cunningham, G. H. Mac’s Memoirs: The Flying Life of Squadron-Leader McGregor. Dunedin and Wellington, New Zealand: A. H. & A. W. Reed, [1937].

“Cunningham, K.M. (Kenneth M.)” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed June 8, 2017. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/cunningham-k.m.-kenneth-m

Curtis, Marvin Kent. Letters written in 1917-1919. In the Papers of Kent Curtis in the University of Virginia Library. I am grateful to Curtis’s great-niece, Mary Jo Johnston, for sending me scans of these letters.

—. Notebook kept at Thetford starting November 20, 1917. In the Papers of Kent Curtis in the University of Virginia Library. I am grateful to Curtis’s great-niece, Mary Jo Johnston, for sending me scans of this book.

—. Notebook kept while a prisoner of war. In the Papers of Kent Curtis in the University of Virginia Library. I am grateful to Curtis’s great-niece, Mary Jo Johnston, for sending me scans of this book.

—. Pilot’s Flying Log Book.  (Army Book 425).  In the Papers of Kent Curtis in the University of Virginia Library. I am grateful to Curtis’s great-niece, Mary Jo Johnston, for sending me scans of this log book.

CWGC/ABMC [pseud.]. “1LT Earl Adams” [web page]. At Find A Grave [web site]. Accessed December 16, 2016.  https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/56097730

—. “1LT Linn H. Forster” [web page]. At Find A Grave [web site]. Accessed June 17, 2016.  Now “1LT Linn Humphrey Forster” (April 25, 2019).   https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/56098268

Dana E. Coates” [web page]. At American Battle Monuments Commission [web site]. Accessed February 16, 2016. https://www.abmc.gov/node/335394

Dau’s Blue Book of Selected Names of Rochester and Suburban Towns. New York City: Dau Publishing Company, 1904.

Davis, Burke. War Bird: The Life and Times of Elliott White Springs. Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, 1987.

“Dead Aviator at Last Known.” Indiana Gazette (Indiana, Pennsylvania), March 3, 1923, 4.

“Deaths.” Journal of the American Medical Association 74.25 (June 19, 1920): 1729.

“Deaths in Missouri.” The Kansas City Times (Kansas City, Missouri), June 30, 1954), 12.

Deetjen, William L. Diary. William L. Deetjen papers, 1915–1925 [archival material, unpublished]. Wisconsin Historical Society Archives.

—. Photo album. Deetjen papers, 1915–1925 [archival material, unpublished]. Wisconsin Historical Society Archives.

Deloneva [pseud.]. “Allison Henderson Chapin, Sr” [web page]. At Find a Grave [web site]. Accessed December 8, 2015.  https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/133850765

Del Priore, Diane Hemmes. “Capt Burr Watkins Leyson, Jr.” At Find a Grave [web site]. Accessed April 24, 2019.  https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/32405562

“De-Mitkiewicz, R.S” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed June 15, 2017. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/de-mitkiewicz-r.s

Dennett, Carl P. Prisoners of the Great War: Authoritative Statement of Conditions in the Prison Camps of Germany. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1919

“Describes ‘Ferrying’ Planes over Channel.” The Boston Globe, July 3, 1918, 8.

“Dietz, P.” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed June 21, 2017. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/dietz-p

Dietz, Philip. World War One Burial File. At the National Archives, National Personnel Records Center, St. Louis, Missouri.

“[Distinguished] Service Medal” [first word uncertain]. Oswego Daily Palladium, December 6, 1918 [page number not known]. Accessed at Fultonhistory.com November 17, 2015.

Dobson, G. B. “Lincoln Highway Photos” [web pages]. At his Wyoming Tails and Trails [web site]. Accessed February 1, 2016. http://www.wyomingtalesandtrails.com/lincburns.html

“Donald E. Carlton” [web page]. At American Battle Monuments Commission [web site]. Accessed November 6, 2015.

Donaldson, J. O. “Escaping from Two German Prisons.” U.S. Air Service 7.5 (June 1922): 28–32; 7.6 (July 1922): 27-31.

Donaldson, John O. W. [sic]. “My Capture and Escape.” Harper’s, July 1919, 244-55.

“Douglass, C.W.H.” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed June 28, 2017. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/douglass-c.w.h

Doyle, Jr., Peter. “War Birds Pictorial: A Photo Essay from the Private Album of Lt. John C. Rorison.” Cross & Cockade Journal 9.1 (Spring 1968): 33- 54.

“Dr. Benson’s Rites Set for Thursday.” Buffalo Courier-Express (Buffalo, New York), May 20, 1964, p. 6.

“Dr. James Coburn, Jr.” The Kansas City Times, May 23, 1968, 65.

“Dr. Leslie A. A. Benson, ’20.” The Ohio Alumnus 44.1 (September 1964): 41.

“Drexel Theater” [advertisement]. The Coffeyville Daily Journal (Coffeyville, Kansas), Oct 6, 1916, p. 2.

“Drury Man Honored by Legion Members.” Springfield Missouri Republican, December 18, 1919, 6.

Duke, Lancelot de Sausmarez. Diary. Scans and transcription at “Duke, Lancelot de Sausmarez DFC Diary: 1918” [web page]. At The Canadian Letters and Images Project [web site]. Accessed September 6, 2017. http://www.canadianletters.ca/content/document-59483

Dunne, Edward F. Illinois: The Heart of the Nation. 5 vols. Chicago and New York: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1933.

Durant, Pliny A. The History of Union County, Ohio Containing a History of the County; its Townships, Towns, Churches; Military Record; Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men; History of the Northwest Territory; History of Ohio; Illustrated. Chicago: W. H. Beers, 1883.

Durkota, Alan E. Medal of Honor, Volume 1: Aviators of World War I. Stratford, Ct.: Flying Machines Press, 1998.

Dwyer, Geoffrey J. “Memorandum No. 8 for Flying Officers.” Dated July 30, 1918. This memo is among the Harold E. Goettler papers at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force in Dayton, Ohio. I am grateful to Steve Ruffin for a copy of it.

—. “Report on Air Service Flying Training Department in England.” Gorrell B.4: 1–8. Accessed August 31, 2016, at https://www.fold3.com/image/14546217 et seq., where there is some confusion regarding volume numbers.

Dye, Peter John. The Bridge to Airpower: Logistic Support for Royal Flying Corps Operations on the Western Front, 1914-18. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 2015.

Earl Adams” [web page]. At American Battle Monuments Commission [web site]. Accessed May 11, 2016.

Eddy, William A. In Memory of Zenos Ramsey Miller. Ann Arbor, Michigan: The Mayer-Schairer Co., [1924].

Edmonds, James E[dward]. Military Operations in France and Belgium 1918. Vol. 2. London: MacMillan and Co., 1937

—. Military Operations in France and Belgium 1918. Vol. 3. London: MacMillan and Co., 1939.

“Edward M. Cronin” [web page]. At American Battle Monuments Commission [web site]. Accessed March 3, 2016. https://www.abmc.gov/node/330852

“Edward William Claude Gerald DeVere Pery Viscount Glentworth” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed September 7, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/8476

Edwards, Bill. “A World War Remembrance” [web page, posted October 13, 2016]. At FAN Friends and Neighbors Magazine [web site]. Accessed March 1, 2018. http://seniorfan.com/2016/10/a-world-war-remembrance/

Edwards, William Henry. Timothy and Rhoda Ogden Edwards of Stockbridge, Mass., and Their Descendants: A Genealogy. Cincinnati: The Robert Clarke Company, 1903.

“8th Aero Squadron.” Gorrell E.1: 107-57.

“85th Aero Squadron (Observation): Army Observation, Second Army.” Gorrell E.9: 40-42.

“85 Squadron – party-hearties?” [discussion thread]. At The Aerodrome Forum [web site]. Accessed April 18, 2017. http://www.theaerodrome.com/forum/showthread.php?p=706347#post706347

“Elmira Boy an Aviator.” Elmira Star Gazette (Elmira, N.Y.), September 18, 1917. (No page number available.)

“Engagements.” Ohio State University Monthly 11.8 (May 1920): 46.

Eppinga, Jane. Nogales: Life and Times on the Frontier. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing, 2002.

“Ex-Merchant Dies Sunday.” Green Bay Press-Gazette (Green Bay, Wisconsin), May 29, 1939, 5.

“Exodus to S.O.S. Begun.” Cent Soixante Six 1.6 (March 1, 1919): 1.

“Expect Aviator’s Body.” The Sandusky Star-Journal (Sandusky, Ohio), March 21, 1921, 11.

Fading Images [web site].  www.fadingimages.uk/  Accessed August 5, 2019.

Fell, David William. “103 Squadron in the First World War” [web page]. At his 103 Squadron – RAF [web site]. Accessed October 17, 2017. http://www.northlincsweb.net/103Sqn/html/103_sqn_ww1.html

Ferko, Alexander Edward, ed., and translator. “Jagdflieger Friedrich Noltenius.” Cross and Cockade 7.4 (Winter 1966): 307-42.

“50th Aero Squadron, Historical Account.” Gorrell E.8: 57–[185]. This was probably compiled and written by the squadron C.O. Daniel Parmelee Morse but is not attributed to him; much of the prose appears in Morse’s The History of the 50th Aero Squadron (see below).

“A fine Great War D.F.M. awarded to Private 1st Class (Aerial Gunner) A. E. Humphrey.” [Dix Noonan Webb] An Auction of Orders, Decorations, Medals and Militaria . . .Wednesday 19th June 2013. Lot 839. [no longer accessible at DNW.co.uk, but accessible at http://content.yudu.com/Library/A27vj7/Medals1921Jun13/resources/249.htm on May 25, 2017.]

First Day Bombardment Group. Gorrell N.15.

“First Graduating Class of Wharton Extension School of Finance.” Wilkes-Barre Record, June 1, 1916, 5.

“First Lieutenant Warren Leach.” The Tuscaloosa News (Tuscaloosa, Alabama), March 12, 1918, 3.

5 Group Files. 5 Group, R.F.C. and R.A.F. Casualty reports. The National Archives (United Kingdom). AIR 1/58/15/9/58

Fletcher, Robert S. and Malcolm O. Young, eds. Amherst College: Biographical Record of the Graduates and Non-graduates. Centennial Edition 1821-1921. Amherst, Massachusetts: Amherst College, 1927.

“Flier Dodged Church Steeple.” Phillipsburg News and Phillips County Post (Phillipsburg, Kansas), March 28, 1918, p. 4.

“Flier Missing since June 11, Family Learns.” Norwood News (Norwood, New York), July 10, 1918, 4.

“The Football Outlook at High School.” The Tuscaloosa News (Tuscaloosa, Alabama), October 13, 1910, 1.

“Football Star to Italy.” Daily Arkansas Gazette (Little Rock, Arkansas), September 2, 1917, 17.

Ford, Bert. “Five U.S. Airmen are Decorated.” Oakland Tribune (Oakland, California), September 14, 1918, 11. (This story was carried also by other papers.)

Ford, Joseph Herbert. Administration American Expeditionary Forces. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1927. Medical Department of the United States Army in the World War. Vol. 2.

Fordham University. General Register 1916. N.p.: n.p., n.d.

“Foreign News.” Aerial Age Weekly 10.27 (September 15, 1919): 24-29.

“Former Brooklyn Pastor Retires from Church.” The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, November 8, 1930, 12.

“40 squadron RAF, ‘Whit,’ ‘Noble,’ ‘Tiny’ of C Flight” [discussion thread]. At The Aerodrome Forum [web site]. Accessed January 2, 2017. http://www.theaerodrome.com/forum/showthread.php?t=67059

“Foss” [death notice]. New York Times, September 15, 1912, 15.

“Foss, Howard L” [death notice]. New York Times, September 19, 1916, 11.

Foss, Fremont Cutler, Sr. Diary, September 20, 1917–March 11, 1918. Possession of Karen Mader (granddaughter). I am grateful to her for giving me a copy.

—. Letter to Richard Calow, dated November 3, [1966?]. In the Richard Calow Collection of Letters about First World War Aviation, part of Collection RC0309 – World War, 1914–1918 collection in the Archives and Research Collections of McMaster University Library (Hamilton, Ontario, Canada).

—. Papers. In the National Museum of the United States Air Force at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, Ohio.

[“Four American businessmen”] [untitled story, dateline Buenos Aires]. Palm Beach Post (West Palm Beach, Florida), July 9, 1943, 12.

“Four of our Officers Held in Prison Camps.” New York Times, July 2, 1918, 2.

“4 Rochester Men M.I.T. Graduates.” Democrat and Chronicle (Rochester, New York), June 13, 1922, 14.

“Frank A. Dixon ’20.” Princeton Alumni Weekly 93.5 (November 25, 1992): 47.

Franks, Norman, and Frank Bailey. Over the Front: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the United States and French Air Services, 1914–1918. London: Grub Street, 1992.

—. “65 Squadron RFC/RAF.” Cross & Cockade Great Britain Journal 10.2 (Summer 1979): 59–58.

Franks, Norman, Frank Bailey, and Rick Duiven. The Jasta War Chronology: A Complete Listing of Claims and Losses, August 1916-November 1918. London: Grub Street, 1998.

—. Casualties of the German Air Service 1914–1918: As Complete a List Possible Arranged Alphabetically and Chronologically. London: Grub Street, 1999.

“Fraser, A.H.” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed September 30, 2016. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/7000271263-fraser-a.h

Frattasio, Marc. NAS Squantum: The First Naval Air Reserve Base. Pembroke, Massachusetts: Lulu Press, 2009. Sixth edition 2013 consulted.

“Fremont C. Foss, Jr.” [obituary]. Town Topics (Princeton, N.J.) 38.3 (September 28, 1983): 25.

“From Independent Files: 25 Years Ago.” The Evening Independent (Massillon, Ohio), September 3, 1943, p. 4.

“Frost, H.B.” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed July 11, 2017. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/frost-h.b

“Fry, C.H. (Clarence Horn)” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed August 23, 2016. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/7000271349-fry-c.h.-clarence-horn

“Fry, Clarence H.” [obituary]. The Gospel Advocate, August 1, 1918, 741. Transcribed at “Gospel Advocate Obituaries” at History of the Restoration Movement [web site]. Accessed August 25, 2016. http://www.therestorationmovement.com/ga/gaf01.htm

Fry, Clarence Horne. [Papers, memorabilia.] In the Tennessee World War I Gold Star Records, 1918-1924. Tennessee State Library and Archives. Digitized at Tennesee Virtual Archive. Accessed July 17, 2017. http://teva.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/p15138coll26/id/4036

Fulford, John. “Fulford Family Tree.” Page for John Hurtman Fulford. Accessed at Ancestry.com September 21, 2016. http://person.ancestry.com/tree/1871139/person/-1884485716/facts

Galloway G. Cheston” [web page]. At American Battle Monuments Commission [web site]. Accessed December 21, 2015. https://www.abmc.gov/node/346697

“Galloway Grinnell Cheston. . . . ” Maryland Historical Magazine 14.4 (December 1919): 325-26.

Gardner, Lester D. Who’s Who in American Aeronautics. New York: The Gardner, Moffat Co., 1922.

“General Orders, Air Service, First and Second Armies, American Expeditionary Forces, Confirming Air Service Victories over Enemy Aircraft.” Gorrell M.38: 86 ff.

The George Washington University. Bulletin 16.1 (March 1917). Catalogue Number.

Gilchrist, John W. Stuart. The 104th Aero Squadron. Privately printed, 1968.

Gilliard, Connie. “Alfred A Gaipa” [web page]. At Find A Grave [web site]. Accessed August 29, 2016.  https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/60275415

Gillon, Geoffrey. “Pvt George Atherton Brader” [web page]. At Find A Grave [web site]. Accessed October 13, 2015.  https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/24402344

“Gloucester Woman’s Club.” United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places Registration Form. Certification June 14, 2013. Form prepared by Stephen Fonzo, Thane Harpole, and David Brown. Accessed April 13, 2016. https://www.nps.gov/nr/feature/places/pdfs/AD_74002117_form_06_14_2013.pdf

Goad, J.M. (John M.) [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed July 20, 2017. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/goad-j.m.-john-m

Goad, John M.  World War One Burial File.  At the National Archives, National Personnel Records Center, St. Louis, Missouri.  This file has been digitized and made available on the web as part of the “Missouri Over There” project.  Accessed August 16, 2017. http://missourioverthere.org/explore/collections/nara-burial-files/john-m-goad-burial-file/

“Goad-Ballinger World War I Collection” [web page]. At Missouri Over There [web site]. Accessed August 18, 2017. http://missourioverthere.org/explore/collections/goad-ballinger-world-war-i-collection/

“Gosport School of Special Flying, names of instructors?” [discussion thread].  At Great War Forum. At The Long, Long Trail: the British Army in the Great War [web site]. Accessed June 17, 2019. https://www.greatwarforum.org/topic/272975-gosport-school-of-special-flying-names-of-instructors/

Great Britain. Royal Air Force.  Royal Air Force Communiqués 1918. Ed. Christopher Cole. London: Tom Donovan, 1990.

Great Britain, War Office, Geographical Section, General Staff. [Arras] 51b: France. Edition 2. 1:40,000. Series: GSGS 2743. October 1917. Copy at McMaster University Library, identifier 384WW1MAP. Digitized imaged accessed December 23, 2016. http://digitalarchive.mcmaster.ca/islandora/object/macrepo%3A4250

—. [Bapaume] 57c: France. Edition 2. 1:40,000. Series: GSGS 2743. November 1917. Copy at McMaster University Library, identifier 389WW1MAP. Digitized image accessed September 29, 2017. http://digitalarchive.mcmaster.ca/islandora/object/macrepo%3A4079/-/collection

—. [Combles Region (Somme) : Somme Battlefield 1918]: [Belgium & France]. Edition 5e. 1:20,000. Series GSGS 2742. Sheet number: 57c SW. 1918. Copy at McMaster University Library, identifier PC0861. Digitized image accessed September 29, 2017. http://digitalarchive.mcmaster.ca/islandora/object/macrepo%3A71413/-/collection

—. [Corbie] 62d: France. Sheet 62d, edition 1 (revised). 1:40,000. Series: GSGS 2743. Copy at McMaster University Library, identifier 393WW1MAP. Digitized image accessed September 29, 2017. http://digitalarchive.mcmaster.ca/islandora/object/macrepo%3A3925/-/collection

—. [Valenciennes] 51a, Enemy Rear Organisation 24-9-18: France. Sheet 51a, Edition 1a. Series: GSGS 2743. Field Survey Battalion (10836) 27-9-18. Copy at McMaster University Library, identifier 214WW1MAP. Digitized image accessed September 14, 2018. http://digitalarchive.mcmaster.ca/islandora/object/macrepo%3A3938/-/collection

“The Great Varssenaere Raid – 13 August 1918” [discussion thread]. At The Aerodrome Forum [web site]. Accessed September 20, 2019. https://www.theaerodrome.com/forum/showthread.php?t=70441

“Greathead, J.H. (John Harding J.H.)” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed September 28, 2016. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/greathead-j.h.-john-harding-j.h

“Greed [sic], C.S.” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed June 27, 2017. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/greed-g.s

“Grider, J.M. (John McGavock)” [web pages for casualty cards]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed August 9, 2017. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/grider-j.m.-john-mcgavock  & http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/7000245505-grider-j.m.-john-mcgavock

Grider, John MacGavock and Josephine Grider Jacobs. Marse John Goes to War. Memphis, Tennessee: Davis Printing Co., 1933.

“Griffiths, R.J. (Robert J.)” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed March 21, 2017. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/griffiths-r.j.-robert-j

The Grist [Yearbook of Rhode Island State College]. Vol. 21. Kingston, Rhode Island: The Class of 1918, 1917.

“Ground School Graduations [for August 25, 1917].” Air Service Journal 1.9 (Sept. 6, 1917): 283.

“Ground School Graduations [for September 1, 1917].” Air Service Journal 1.10 (Sept. 13, 1917): 314.

Groves, Joseph Asbury. The Alstons and Allstons of North and South Carolina. Atlanta, Georgia: The Franklin Printing and Publishing Company, 1901.

“Guestbook 2006″ [web page]. At Home of the Heroes [web site]. Accessed March 21, 2017. http://www.homeofheroes.com/guestbook_2006.html

Gunby, David. Sweeping the Skies: A History of 40 Squadron Royal Flying Corps and Royal Air Force, 1916-1956. South Church, Bishop Auckland, Durham, England: Pentland Press Ltd., 1995.

Gunn, Peter B. and Andrew Collins. Naught Escapes Us. [N.p.]: Librario Publishing Ltd., [2015]. (Revised and updated second edition; first published by The 206 Squadron Association in 2004.)

H. A. Manning Co. Burlington and Winooski (Vermont) Directory 1918. Greenfield, Massachusetts: H. A. Manning Co., 1918. Accessed at Ancestry.com.

Hadley, [Hamilton] Captain. “Foreign Aviation Detachments: June–December 1917.” Gorrell, A.2: 280–88 (with some independent pagination).

Hamilton, George. “Hamilton Family Tree.” Page for 1st Lt. Lloyd Andrews Hamilton. Accessed September 28, 2017. https://www.ancestry.com/family-tree/person/tree/32010631/person/20459243204/facts

Hamilton, Lloyd Andrews.  World War One Burial File.  At the National Archives, National Personnel Records Center, St. Louis, Missouri.

“Hamilton’s Sacrifice.” The Burlington Free Press (Burlington, Vermont), November 12, 1918, 6.

Harbord, [James Guthrie]. “Special Order No. 148.” [Document issued at A.E.F. HQ Service of Supply, dated August 7, 1918.] I am grateful to Steve Ruffin for a copy.

Harding, E[dward] D[elta], ed. A History of Number 16 Squadron (known as “ A ” Naval Squadron) Royal Naval Air Service – Renamed No.216 Squadron, Royal Air Force. 1923. Second edition, revised by Peter Chapman, 2006. Unpaginated e-book.

Hardy, Lynda. “Harold Kidder Bulkley.” New Connections: A Christmas Newsletter from the Parish of St. Leonard, Heston No. 4 (Christmas 2010): 8-9.

“Harry Jenkinson” [discussion thread]. At The Aerodrome Forum [web site]. Accessed August 1, 2017. http://www.theaerodrome.com/forum/showthread.php?t=40678

Hart, Percival Gray. History of the 135th Aero Squadron from July 25 to November 11, 1918. 1939. Rpt. Nashville: The Battery Press, 1990.

Hart, Peter. The Last Battle: Victory, Defeat, and the End of World War I. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018.

Harvey, Oscar Jewell and Ernest Gray Smith. A History of Wilkes-Barré, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania: From its First Beginnings to the Present Time, Including Chapters of Newly-Discovered Early Wyoming Valley History, Together with Many Biographical Sketches and Much Genealogical Material. 6 vols. Wilkes-Barré, Pa.: [Raeder Press], 1909–1930. Vol. 6 (Biographical). Wilkes-Barre: [Raeder Press], 1930.

Harvey, William Frederick James. “Pi” in the Sky: A History of No. 22 Squadron, Royal Flying Corps & R.A.F. in the War of 1914–1918. Leicester: Colin Huston, 1971.

“Hastings Man Marries.” Dobbs Ferry Register (New York), September 7, 1917, 1.

The Hatchet: Being the Washington University Yearbook. Vol. 15. St. Louis: Published by the Class of 1918, 1917.

Hayden, Edwin Hayden, Alfred Hand, and John Woolf Jordan. Genealogical and Family History of the Wyoming and Lackawanna Valleys Pennsylvania. 2 vols. New York: Lewis Publishing Company, 1906.

Hayward, C[ecil] H[ugh]. “Squadron History” [No. 218 Squadron R.A.F.] 16 January 1919. Typescript in the National Archives (UK). AIR 1/184/15/220/1

Headquarters, Detachment First Army, Air Service, American E.F. “Operations Report No. 128.” Gorrell C.2: 116-23.

— . “Operations Report No. 129.” Gorrell C.2: 124-29.

Heater, Charles. “Americans on Day Bombing with the Independent Air Force – Royal Air Force.” Gorrell B.12: 116-23.

—.  [Informal account of experiences of seven American pilots with the I.A.F.] Gorrell B.12: 124-31.

—.  Letter of August 15, 1918 to Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Heater. Printed in the Mandan News (Mandan, North Dakota) October 11, 1918. Made available as part of the “Letters from the Great War” project directed by Joseph T. Stuart; transcribed by Katerina Schafer. Accessed January 8, 2018. http://bismarcktribune.com/letters-from-the-great-war—morton-county/article_7ce0d472-34f3-5e0e-af2c-bd06574e80d6.html

[Heater, Charles L.] “Report upon the Organization and Training of 11th Aero Service Squadron From June 26th 1917, to November 11th, 1918 Together with a Roster of All Officers Having Served with the Organization during that Time.” Gorrell E.3: 1-7. (Also reproduced in Gorrell N.16.)

Hennessy, Juliette A. The United States Army Air Arm, April 1861 to April 1917. 1958. Rpt. Washington, D.C.: Office of Air Force History United States Air Force, 1985.

Henshaw, Trevor. The Sky Their Battlefield II: Air Fighting and Air Casualties of the Great War British, Commonwealth and United States Air Services 1912 to 1919. High Barnet, Hertfordshire: Fetubi Books, 2014. (Revised and updated second edition; first published by Grub Street Books, 1995).

Herndon, Dallas T. Centennial History of Arkansas. 3 vols. Chicago, The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1922.

Herris, Jack and Bob Pearson. Aircraft of World War I: 1914-1918. London: Amber Books Ltd., 2010.

Hicks, Charles C. “History of Operations of the 166th Aero Squadron.” Gorrell E.20: 85–[125].

High School of Commerce, New York. Yearbook: Decennial Number 1912. [New York]: 1912.

“Historical Note” [web page]. At Johns Hopkins University: Board of Trustees [web site]. Accessed December 16, 2015. http://trustees.jhu.edu/overview/history

History of Advance Section, A.S. Zone of Advance. Gorrell A.8.

History of Aerial Observation Training in the American E.F. Gorrell J.3.

History of London Branch of the Supply Section and of Liquidation Section. Gorrell I.26.

“History of Plant 1-A, Airplane Assembly Production & Maintenance Division, Supply Section, Air Service, American Expeditionary Forces, France.” Gorrell I.13: 231 ff.

A History of the Air Service in Great Britain. Gorrell B.2.   [This volume has several paginations; I have tried consistently to use the through pagination stamped in the upper right hand corners of pages.]

A History of the City of Chicago Its Men and Institutions: Biographical Sketches of Leading Citizens Illustrated. Chicago: Inter Ocean, 1900.

History of the 11th Aero Squadron U.S.A.: A Detailed Account of the Activities of the Squadron from its Formation in 1917 to Demobilization 1919. Written and Illustrated by its Members. N.p.: Published by the war time members, 1922.

“History of 25th Aero Squadron, (Pursuit).” Gorrell E.6: 1–10.

hlsnyder1 [pseud.]. “Snyder Family Tree.” Page for Allen Tracy Jr. Bird. Accessed at Ancestry.com September 20, 2016. http://person.ancestry.com/tree/5758581/person/-834391409/facts

Holleran, Owen Cobb. Holly His Book: Being a Diary of the Great War. [Chicago]: The Rogerson Press, 1924.

hollyforster [pseud.]. “Forster Thomas Family” [family tree]. Page for Linn Humphrey Forster M.D. Accessed at Ancestry.com June 17, 2016. http://person.ancestry.com/tree/25785215/person/1714152440/facts

An Honor Roll: Containing a Pictorial Record of the War Service of the Men and Women of Kalamazoo County, 1917-1918-1919. [Kalamazoo, MI]: Mrs. O. H. Clark, 1920.

Hooper, Parr. Somewhere in France: The World War I Letters of Lieutenant Parr Hooper, American Pilot in the R.F.C./R.A.F. Ed. M. R. Sperberg-McQueen. Privately published, 2016. http://parr-hooper.cmsmcq.com/

—. Pilot’s Flying Log Book. (Army Book 425). Possession of M. R. Sperberg-McQueen.

“Hopkins Finals Held.” Baltimore Sun, June 12, 1918, 14, cont’d 5.

“How Bombs are Dropped from Planes on Enemy.” Democrat and Chronicle (Rochester, New York), October 3, 1918, 18.

“How Trojan was Hurt.” Troy Times (Troy, New York), March 25, 1918. Accessed December 19, 2016 at Fultonhistory.com. Page number not legible.

Hudson, James J.  Hudson, James J. “Captain Field E. Kindley: Arkansas’ Air Ace of the First World War.” The Arkansas Historical Quarterly 18.2 (Summer 1959): 3–31.

—. Hostile Skies: A Combat History of the American Air Service in World War I. Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press, 1968.

—. In Clouds of Glory: American Airmen Who Flew with the British during the Great War. Fayetteville, Arkansas, and London: The University of Arkansas Press, 1990.

Hughes, Thomas Patrick and Frank Munsell. American Ancestry: Giving Name and Descent, in the Male Line, of Americans Whose Ancestors Settled in the United States Previous to the Declaration of Independence, A.D. 1776. Vol. 9. Albany, N.Y.: Joel Munsell’s Sons, Publishers, 1894.

“Hunting Down Huns.” The Burlington Free Press (Burlington, Vermont), May 7, 1918, 9.

Hutchinson, Thomas, comp.  The Lakeside Annual Directory of the City of Chicago.  Chicago: Donnelly, Loyd, and Company, 1878–79.  (Digitized at Ancestry.com)

The Illio 1916  [University of Illinois yearbook]. Champaign, Illinois, 1915.

Illustrated Catalogue of the Culver Military Academy. N.p.: n.p., [1912].

“In American Cemetery: Body of Lieut. L. A. Hamilton Moved from Langecourt to Bony, France.” Burlington Weekly Free Press (Burlington, Vermont), December 4,1919, 5.

In memoriam: Princeton 1917. 1919.

“In Memory.” Trinity Alumni Magazine 10.3 (Fall 1969): 41-44.

“In New Jersey.” New York Times, June 24, 1908, 16.

Index of Patents Issued from the United States Patent Office. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1931.

Individual Combat Records of Pilots with R.A.F. Gorrell B.13.  Note: the digitization of this volume at Fold3.com lacks the table of contents and pp. 1–21. I am grateful to Los Alamos interlibrary loan librarian Elizabeth Eastwood for obtaining the relevant microfilm for me.

“Individual Victory List: Confirmed Credits of All U.S. Air Service Officers for Enemy Aircraft Destroyed.” Gorrell M.38: 49-59.

Ingalls, David S. Hero of the Angry Sky: The World War I Diary and Letters of David S. Ingalls, America’s First Naval Ace. Ed. Geoffrey L. Rossano. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 2013.

“Institute has Largest Art School Enrollment.” The Chicago Daily Tribune, June 21, 1913, 10.

“Insurance Stock Filing Requested.” Detroit Free Press, December 31, 1941, 14.

“Interesting Histories of Officers of Staff of Seventh A.I.C. and Instruction Department.” Flights and Landings, December 11, 1918, 7. Accessed August 14, 2019, at https://www.fold3.com/image/19903802

“Introduction and new Question TDStations” [discussion thread]. At Great War Forum. At The Long, Long Trail: the British Army in the Great War [web site]. Accessed March 21, 2017. http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php?/topic/64230-introduction-and-new-question-tdstations/

Jefford, C. G. Observers and Navigators and Other Non-Pilot Aircrew in the RFC, RNAS and RAF. 2001. Rev. 2nd ed. London: Grub Street, 2014.

Jensen, Anker C. [Recollections of World War I Service.] Tape recording made May 12, 1974, for the Kankakee Historical Society, Kankakee, Illinois. Transcript (7 pages) supplied to me by Jack R. Eder.

“John Devery” [web page]. At Military Times Hall of Valor [web site]. Accessed April 26, 2016. http://valor.militarytimes.com/recipient.php?recipientid=46625

“John MacGavock [sic] Grider” [web page]. At Foundation For New Media, Inc.:
Creative programs for Public Television and Radio [web site]. Accessed August 11, 2017. http://www.foundmedia.org/wb_2.html

“John H. Fulford” [obituary]. The Progess (Clearfield, Pennsylvania), March 9, 1971, 14.

“John J. Devery” [obituary]. Dobbs Ferry Register (New York), October 18, 1940, 4.

“John T. Herbert Dies.” The Cincinnati Enquirer (Cincinnati, Ohio), July 25, 1936, 13.

“John Lavalle, Portrait Painter and Landscape Artist, Dead.” New York Times, November 15, 1971, 44.

“John Mc G. Grider” [web page]. At American Battle Monuments Commission [web site]. Accessed August 9, 2017. https://www.abmc.gov/node/346912#.WYuhP4htmpp

“John W. Fry.” In John Trotwood Moore and Austin Powers Foster. Tennessee: The Volunteer State 1769-1923. 4 vols. Chicago and Nashville: The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1923. Vol. 2: 576-77.

Johns Hopkins University. Report of The Johns Hopkins University to the General Assembly of Maryland on the Technical School Department of Engineering. [Baltimore]: n.p., January 1920.

“Joins Aviation Corps.” The Morning News (Coffeyville, Kansas), June 28, 1917, p. 1.

Jones, C[edric] N[evill]. “As I Remember: Recollections of 209 Sqn RAF,” ed. Douglass Whetton. Cross & Cockade Journal Great Britain 3.1 (Spring 1972): 38–42.

Jones, H. A.  The War in the Air: Being the Story of the Part Played in the Great War by the Royal Air Force. Vol. 4. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1934.

—.  The War in the Air: Being the Story of the Part Played in the Great War by the Royal Air Force. Vol. 6. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1937.

Jones, [James] Ira [Thomas]. King of Air Fighters: Biography of Major “Mick” Mannock, V.C., D.S.O., M.C.. London: Ivor Nicholson & Watson, Ltd., 1934.

—. Tiger Squadron. London: W. H. Allen, 1954; republished London: White Lion Publishers Limited, 1972.

Jones, Leslie. “Harry King, Chinese aviator and Capt. Leyson Jr. East Boston Airport.” Photo in Leslie Jones Collection of the Boston Public Library. Digitzed at Digital Commonwealth Massachusetts Collections Online [web site].  Accessed April 26, 2019. https://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/6682z3340

—. “Chinese aviator Harry Dally King with Capt. Leyson at East Boston Airport.” Photo in Leslie Jones Collection of the Boston Public Library. Digitzed at Digital Commonwealth Massachusetts Collections Online [web site].  Accessed April 26, 2019. https://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/6682z1542

“Kelly. R. A.” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site].  Accessed May 11, 2018. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/kelly-r.a

“Kent Curtis Papers to UVA” [blog post]. At Yours in . . . Sharing the Johnston Adventures [blog site]. Accessed March 28, 2016. http://johnston9494.blogspot.com/2014/07/648-kent-curtis-papers-to-uva.html

Kilduff, Peter.  “Clayton Knight: A Yank in the RFC/RAF.” Cross & Cockade International 41.3 (Autumn 2010): 165– 84.

—.  “Clayton Knight—Artist & Airman.” Over the Front 26.3 (Autumn 2011): 196–221.

Kindley, Field [Eugene]. Letters and Reports, 1918. Special Collections, University of Arkansas Libraries, Fayetteville, AK. MS K577.

“Kindley Gets Hun Planes.” The Sun (Coffeyville, Kansas), August 27, 1918, 1.

“Kindley Has a Bad Spill.” The Sun (Coffeyville, Kansas), June 16, 1918, p. 3.

Kindley Records File (a.k.a. Kindley Personnel File). This file of documents, including Kindley’s log book, was, according to Hudson, “donated by the United States War Department to the Field E. Kindley Memorial High School, Coffeyville, Kansas” (“Captain Field E. Kindley,” p. 4). Both Hudson and Ballard (War Bird Ace) cite documents from the file. Ballard attempted to consult the file again after War Bird Ace was published in 2007, but was told that it had been stolen (Ballard, letter to me, dated July 10, 2018).

“Kindley to Stay in Army.” The Sun (Coffeyville, Kansas), December 31, 1918, p. 3.

Kinney, Curtis. I Flew a Camel. Philadelphia: Dorrance & Company, 1972.

Kissel, Gustav Hermann. Diary. In Gustav Hermann Kissel Collection (AFC/2001/001/37555), Veterans History Project, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress. Accessed November 3, 2016. http://memory.loc.gov/diglib/vhp/story/loc.natlib.afc2001001.37555/pageturner?ID=pm0003001

“Knoll, W.J.K. (Wilhems [sic] Jacobus K.)” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed April 20, 2017. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/ID/?7000276774

“Knox Wins Title.” The Pittsburgh Press, October 26, 1916, 22.

“Kodak Honors 25-Year Folks: 1922-1947.” Kodakery 5.38 (September 25, 1947): 5.

Kroll, Harry David. Kelly Field in the Great World War. 1919. Second edition. [San Antonio]: Press of San Antonio Printing Co., 1919.

Lahm, Frank P[urdy]. The World War I diary of Col. Frank P. Lahm, Air Service, A.E.F. Edited by Albert F. Simpson. Maxwell AFB, Ala., Historical Research Division, Aerospace Studies Institute, 1970.

“Landon to Manage High School Team.” Daily Press (Newport News, Virginia) May 1, 1913, 6.

Lapham, William B. History of Rumford, Oxford County, Maine, from its First Settlement in 1779, to the Present Time. Augusta, Maine: Press of the Maine Farmer, 1890.

“Latest Casualty List from Oversea Forces.” The Washington Times (Washington, D.C.), September 23, 1918, 4.

“Lavalle, J.” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed February 8, 2019. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/lavalle-j

Lavalle, J[ohn], Jr. [Sketch.] The Harvard Lampoon 74.7 (December 7, 1917): 203.

[Lavalle, John, Jr.]. “Youth.” The Atlantic Monthly 121.[4] (April 1918): 480–81. For the attribution to Lavalle, see the same magazine, vol. 123 (1919): [890] (“Contributors’ Column, April Atlantic,” not paginated).

Lavalle, John. “Combat.” The Atlantic Monthly 123.[4] (April 1919): 481–82.

Lavalle, John, Jr., “Over Ypres.” The Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine 98.2 (June 1919): 265.

“Leach, J.W.” [web page for incident casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault.  Accessed March 11, 2019. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/7000277217

“Leach, J.W. (John Warren)” [web page for person casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed March 11, 2019. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/leach-j.w.-john-warren

Leach, John Warren.  Pilot’s Flying Log Book.  (Army Book 425). I am grateful to Leach’s granddaughter, Warren B. Cain, for sending me photos of this log book.

—.  R.F.C. Training Transfer Card. I am grateful to Leach’s granddaughter, Warren B. Cain, for sending me photos of this document.

“Leo McCarthy, 73: Shoe Company President.” The Boston Globe, September 19, 1967, 41.

Leonard, John W., ed. Men of America: A Biographical Dictionary of Contemporaries. New York City: L. R. Hamersly & Company, 1908.

“Letter from Aviator.” The Bamberg Herald (Bamberg, South Carolina), July 18, 1918, 1.

“Letter from Kent Curtis . . . January 31, 1918.” The Wentworth Trumpeter. I am grateful to Curtis’s great-niece, Mary Jo Johnston, for a scan of this clipping. The clipping bears no date, but is presumably from a February or March 1918 number.

“Letters from Lloyd Ludwig, Colgate Alumnus, Describe Training in England.” I am grateful to Mike O’Neal for a copy of this article, which prints two letters from Ludwig and one from Donald A. Wilson. I have not been able to determine where the article was originally published.

“Letters from Soldier Boys.” The Sun (Coffeyville, Kansas), May 16, 1918, p. 5.

“Letters Tell Details about Garver’s Death.” Decatur Herald (Decatur, Illinois), March 2, 1918, 3.

“Levy, B.A.” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site].  Accessed May 24, 2017. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/levy-b.a

Lewis, Edward Davis, ed.   Dear Bert: An American Pilot Flying in World War I Italy.  [Florence, Italy]:  LoGisma editore, 2002.

Lewis, Simeon D. Book VXIII. of the Genealogy of the Lewis Family. Buffalo: Charles Wells Moulton, 1891.

“Leyson, B.W.deB.” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed April 26, 2019. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/leyson-b.w.deb

“Lieut. A F Morrison USAS” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed October 4, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/16773

“Lieut. Bradley Cleaver Lawton USAS” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed February 13, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/14097

“Lieut. Burr Watkin [sic] de Bassette Leyson USAS” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed April 25, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/29773

“Lieut. C H Matthiessen” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed October 4, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/15010

“Lieut., Captain Alvin Andrew Callender RAF / General List” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed September 7, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/2454

“Lieut. Charles William Harold Douglass” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed February 20, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/5894

“Lieut. Dietz, Ex-’15, Missing in Action.” Yale Forest School News 6.4 (October 1, 1918): [51].

“Lieut. Douglass Wounded.” American Forestry. 24.296 (August 1918): 501.

“Lieut. F A Dixon USAS” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed February 13, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/5680

“Lieut. Field E. Kindley U.S.A.S.” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed October 14, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/13463

“Lieut. G. G. Cheston” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed February 20, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/3163

“Lieut. G. G. Cheston Killed in Action, Mother Learns.” New York Herald, July 26, 1919, section 1, p. 7.

“Lieut. H Castle USAS” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed October 9, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/2858

“Lieut. H A Schlotzhauer U. S. A. S.” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed March 11, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/21340

“Lieut. H D Stier USAS” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed March 11, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/23308

“Lieut. Harold Clement Hayes RAF” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed April 25, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/10518

“Lieut Harold Goodman Shoemaker” [discussion thread]. At The Aerodrome Forum [web site]. Accessed October 8, 2019. http://www.theaerodrome.com/forum/showthread.php?t=71550&page=4

“Lieut. J H Kennedy R A F” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed August 31, 2018. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/13292

“Lieut. J W Leach USAS” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed March 9, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/29347

“Lieut. John M. Goad is Reported as Missing.” Springfield Missouri Republican, July 28, 1918, 7.

“Lieut. John Marion Goad U.S.A.S” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed February 15, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/8509

“Lieut. Leach Goes to Paris to Recuperate.” The Tuscaloosa News (Tuscaloosa, Alabama), July 9, 1918, 6.

“Lieut. Leach Writes Mother of his Wounds.” The Tuscaloosa News (Tuscaloosa, Alabama), September 1, 1918, 6.

“Lieut. Leonard Joseph Desson USAS” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed February 13, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/5472

“Lieut. Linn A. [sic] Forster Reported Missing.” Attica News (Attica, New York), October 24, 1918, 1.

“Lieut. Mark Adamson Harker” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed February 19, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/10097

“Lieut. Mathias Ellsworth DeZee RAF” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed September 7, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/5514

“Lieut. Parr Hooper USAS” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed September 6, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/11523

“Lieut. Reuben Lee Paskill USAS” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed September 6, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/18220

“Lieut. Richard Mortimer U. S. A. F. (USAS)” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed April 25, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/16818

“Lieut. Roy Garver Killed in England.” Decatur Herald (Decatur, Illinois), February 2, 1918, 3-4.

“Lieut. Temple Hardin has Narrow Escape from Huns.” Muskogee Times-Democrat (Muskogee, Oklahoma), November 4, 1918, 2.

“Lieut. Thomas John Herbert” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed April 16, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/10836

“Lieut. W. E Borncamp” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed April 16, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/1076

“Lieut. Warren Leach Severely Wounded in Action while Flying.” The Tuscaloosa News (Tuscaloosa, Alabama), June 30, 1918, 1.

“Lieut. Warren Leach, Tuscaloasa [sic] Birdman, Tells in Letter of Air Fighting.” The Tuscaloosa News (Tuscaloosa, Alabama), July 2, 1918, 6.

“Lieutenant Allen Denison” [discussion thread]. At Great War Forum. At The Long, Long Trail: the British Army in the Great War [web site]. Accessed July 11, 2017. http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php?/topic/44081-lieutenant-allen-denison/&

“Lieutenant Clarence Horne Fry, R.F.C.” In John Trotwood Moore and Austin Powers Foster. Tennessee: The Volunteer State 1769-1923. 4 vols. Chicago and Nashville: The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1923. Vol. 3: 156-58.

“Lieutenant Hamilton Believed to be Killed.” The Burlington Free Press (Burlington, Vermont), September 14, 1918, 9.

“Lieutenant William L. Deetjen Killed in Action.” The Weekly Northwestern Miller 115.9 (August 28, 1918): 734.

“Lieuts. Purdy and Shaw.” The Watchman and Southron (Sumter, South Carolina), August 7, 1918, 5.

“Likes Flying Corps.” The Sun (Coffeyville, Kansas), July 25, 1917, p. 4.

“Linn H. Forster” [web page]. At American Battle Monuments Commission [web site]. Accessed June 17, 2016. https://www.abmc.gov/node/347142#.V2RNtKITFSU

“List of American Fliers who Served with the Independent Air Forces.” Gorrell B.12: 132-33.

“List of Honors and Awards, No. 1, Air Service, American E. F.” Air Service Bulletin 7.302 (October 31, 1918): 1-13 (takes up entire 13-page number). In Gorrell L.10.

“List of Honors and Awards, No. 2, Air Service Am. E.F.” Air Service Bulletin 7.319 (January 10, 1919): 1–13. (takes up entire 13-page number). In Gorrell L.10.

“List of Officers Who Have Demonstrated Exceptional Ability.”  Gorrell J.1: 293-314.

“Lloyd Hamilton Much Talked of in English Flying Circles.” The Burlington Free Press (Burlington, Vermont), March 12, 1918, 9.

“Lloyd Ludwig Killed in Airplane Accident.” Brooklyn Daily Eagle, March 2, 1918, 2.

“Lockwood, F. (Frank)” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed September 30, 2016. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/7000277842-lockwood-f.-frank

“Lt. Carpenter Pilots Plane through Inferno of Gunfire.” Marquette Tribune (Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin), January 16, 1919, 1 & 5.

“Lt. Lloyd Ludwig’s Funeral Saturday.” The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, November 11, 1920, 2.

“Ludwig, L. (Lloyd)” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed March 9, 2017. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/ludwig-l.-lloyd

Ludwig, Lloyd. Diary of Lloyd Ludwig, September 18, 1917 to February 14, 1918 (digital transcript). I am grateful to Mike O’Neal for forwarding to me a copy of this, which he received from Ludwig’s great-nephew, Lloyd Ludwig, Jr.

Lydecker, Chester A. and Arthur Manly Wickwire, Jr. Pocket Directory of the Zeta Psi Fraternity of North America 1922. New York: [n. p.], 1922.

“Lyman M. Cunningham.” Democrat and Chronicle (Rochester, New York), June 15, 1923, 5.

“Mac Grider done in by Degelow?” [discussion thread].  At The Aerodrome Forum [web site]. Accessed August 11, 2017. http://www.theaerodrome.com/forum/showthread.php?t=21075

Macpherson, W. G. Medical Services during the Operations on the Western Front in 1916, 1917, and 1918; in Italy; and in Egypt and Palestine. London: His Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1924. Vol. 3 of Medical Services General History (1921-24). Part of the History of the Great War Based on Official Documents.

Malinovska, Anna and Mauriel P. Joslyn. Voices in Flight: Conversations with Air Veterans of the Great War. Barnsley, South Yorkshire: Pen & Sword Books Ltd., 2006.

Mallahan, Patrick. “Shot with Luck! The Story of Robert Alexander Anderson.” Over the Front 5.2 (Summer 1990): 154–65.

“Man Found Dead of Bullet Wound.” The San Francisco Examiner, April 16, 1936, 13.

“Mandan Boy Appointed.” Grand Forks Herald (Grand Forks, North Dakota), June 10, 1913, 2.

“Mannock’s SE5a” [discussion thread]. At The Aerodrome Forum [web site]. Accessed August 11, 2017. www.theaerodrome.com/forum/showthread.php?t=1766

“Marquette Honor Roll.” Marquette Tribune (Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin), January 31, 1918, 7 & 9.

“Marquise Aerodrome” [discussion thread]. At Great War Forum. At The Long, Long Trail: the British Army in the Great War [web site]. Accessed August 31, 2015.  http://1914–1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=72097  [dead link.] Accessed February 20, 2019. https://www.greatwarforum.org/topic/72097-marquise-aerodrome/

Martin, Amelia. “Origin of Name ‘Marshal’ and Creation of Federal Court System.” The Journal (Fort Smith Historical Society, Inc.) 3.1 (April 1979): 12–19.

Maryland War Records Commission. Maryland in the World War, 1917–1919: Military and Naval Service Records. 2 volumes. Baltimore: Maryland War Records Commission, 1933.

“Mathews Flying in England.” Green Bay Press-Gazette (Green Bay, Wisconsin), January 3, 1918, 6.

“Matthiessen Services Friday.” Pasadena Independent (Pasadena, California), December 22, 1966, 36.

Maurer, Maurer, ed. The U.S. Air Service in World War I. 4 vols. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Albert F. Simpson Historical Research Center, 1978–1979.

McAndrew, James W. “Special Orders No. 147.” [Document from G.H.Q., A.E.F., dated May 27, 1918.] Copy among the papers of Fremont Cutler Foss in the possession of his granddaughter, Karen Mader.

—. “Special Orders No. 205.” [Document from G.H.Q. A.E.F. dated July 24, 1918.] Digitized images at The Portal to Texas History: https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth706167/?q=67531%20706167 Accessed August 15, 2016. Original in Special Collections, Eugene McDermott Library, University of Texas, Dallas.

McCachern, Cindy Cornwell. “George Bushler Garver” [web page]. At Find A Grave [web site]. Accessed August 30, 2016.  https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/47302112

McCarthy, Leo. Letters. I am grateful to McCarthy’s grandson, John F. McCarthy, for copies of letters dated November 6, 1917, and April 5, 1918, and a third, undated, apparently written about March 25, 1918.

—. R.F.C. Training Transfer Card. I am grateful to McCarthy’s grandson for sending me scans of pages from this booklet.

McClellan, David. “A group of pilots and Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5As of No. 32 Squadron at Humieres aerodrome, 6 April 1918” [photo]. Imperial War Museum Q 12007.

McCluskey, Alistair. “The Battle of Amiens and the Development of British Air-Land Battle, 1918–45.” In Changing War: the British Army, the Hundred Days Campaign and The Birth of the Royal Air Force. Ed. Gary Sheffield & Peter Gray. Birmingham War Studies. London: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2013. Pp. 231–48.

“McGavock Grider Missing.” The Osceola Times (Osceola, Arkansas), July 12, 1918, 1.

Mead, Frederick S., ed. Harvard’s Military Record in the World War. Boston: The Harvard Alumni Association, 1921.

Meginness, John Franklin, ed. History of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania. Chicago: Brown, Runk & Co. Publishers, 1892.

“Memorials.” Princeton Alumni Weekly 50.11 (December 2, 1949): 25.

“Memorials” [1964]. Princeton Alumni Weekly. 64.13 (January 21, 1964): 19-21.

“Memorials” [1970]. Princeton Alumni Weekly. 71.7 (November 10, 1970): 19-21.

“Men and Matters.” The Cincinnati Enquirer, April 21, 1932, 7.

“Mentions . . . Officers.” Supplement to the London Gazette.  No. 31098 (January 1, 1919): 101-03.

“Merton [sic] L. Campbell” [web page]. At MilitaryTimes [web site]. Accessed September 23, 2015. http://valor.militarytimes.com/recipient.php?recipientid=46121

Messimer, Dwight R. Escape from Villingen, 1918. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2000.

Military Training Camps Association. The Mess Kit (Food for Thought): Fifth Corps Area Camp Knox, Kentucky. [N.p]: [n.p.], [1922].

Militia Bureau. Official National Guard Register for 1927. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1927.

Militia Bureau. Official National Guard Register for 1927. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1927.

“Miller, E. K. W.” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed September 28, 2016. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/miller-e.k.w

M[iller], L[eonard]. The Chronicles of 55 Squadron, R.F.C. and R.A.F. Woking and London: Unwin Brothers, Ltd., 1919.

Miller, Stephen. “Jesse Orrin Creech, 148th Aero Squadron.” Over the Front 19.1 (Spring 2004): 3–41.

Miller, Thomas G., Jr. “USAS Fliers with the RFC/RAF, 1917-1918.” Cross & Cockade 7.1 (Spring 1966): 29-44.

“Million Dollar Plant.” Herald News (Avon, New York), September 29, 1955, [4].

“Milwaukee Man Lost in Clouds.” Milwaukee Sentinel, October 22, 1918. I am grateful to Caroline Bergs for a copy of this clipping, which does not include a page number.

Minterne, Don. The History of 73 Squadron. Part 1, 1917 to November 1940. Dorchester, Dorset: Tutor Publications, 1994.

Minutes of Votes and Proceedings of the One Hundred and Twenty-Second General Assembly of the State of New Jersey. Trenton, N.J.: MacCrellish & Quigley, Current Printers, 1898.

“Miss Jardine Bride of Lieut. Berry, U.S.A.C.” Evening Public Ledger (Philadelphia), March 15, 1919, 9.

“Miss Mathews, Noted De Pere Librarian Dies.” Green Bay Press-Gazette (Green Bay, Wisconsin), October 13, 1956, 14.

Mississippi Agricultural and Mechanical College. Catalogue 1914-1915. Announcements 1915– 1916. Agricultural College, Mississippi: [n.p.], [1915]. (Bulletin of the Mississippi Agricultural and Mechanical College 12.2 [July 1915]).

“Mlle. On Dit to her Brother ‘Over There’ August Eleventh, Nineteen Eighteen.” The Courier Journal (Louisville, Kentucky), August 11, 1918, section 2, p. 6.

“Mlle. On Dit to her Brother ‘Over There’ February Eighth Nineteen Nineteen.” The Courier Journal (Louisville, Kentucky), February 9, 1919), section 2, p. 3.

“Mlle. On Dit to her Brother ‘Over There’ June Twenty-second Nineteen Eighteen.” The Courier Journal (Louisville, Kentucky), June 23, 1918, section 2, p. 6.

Montague, William Lewis. Biographical Record of the Alumni and Non-graduates of Amherst College (Classes ’72-’96), 1871-1896: The Third Quarter Century. Amherst, Massachusetts: Carpenter & Morehouse, printers, 1901.

“More Young Men Wanted for Flying Service in Army.” Air Service Journal 1.2 (July 19, 1917): 58.

Moremen, Marcus L. “Air Service History, 258th Aero Squadron (Service).” Gorrell E.22: 45-46.

Morgan, Gareth. “From Lodgepole to Stenay: First Lieutenant Dana E. Coates, 11th Aero Squadron, USAS” [web article]. At The Western Front Association [web site]. Accessed February 1, 2016.

Morse, Daniel Parmelee. The History of the 50th Aero Squadron. [N.p.: n.p.], 1920.

Mount Hope NY [pseud]. “Harvard DeHart Castle” [web page]. At Find a Grave [web site]. Accessed November 25, 2015.  https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/25079421

“Mourned as Dead, is Alive and Well.” The Washington Times (Washington, D.C.), November 16, 1918, 2.

Munsell, Warren P. “Air Service History of Headquarters American Air Service Units with British Expeditionary Forces: Stating Briefly the Accounts of Both Squadrons and Pilots while Training and Operating with the Royal Air Force, in the Field, France.” January 13, 1919. Gorrell B.12: 152-261 (including independent pagination 1-66).

Murray, James. Air Service History [memo dated December 23, 1918]. Gorrell, B.2: 77-80.

“Murton Campbell’s Last Letters Home.” The Ohio State University Monthly 10.2 (November 1918): 15–16.

“Music Teacher in De Pere 70 Years Dies.” Green Bay Press-Gazette (Green Bay, Wisconsin), January 2, 1971, 2.

Nanticoke Boy Killed in England.” The Wilkes-Barre Record, April 11, 1918, 6.

The Nassau Herald: Class of Nineteen Hundred and Nineteen. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1919.

The Nassau Herald: Class of Nineteen Hundred and Sixteen. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1916.

The National Archives (United Kingdom).   Pilot and observer casualties: R.F.C. France. [“Casualty book”].    Pilot and observer casualties: R.F.C. France. [“Casualty book”].

01 February 1918 – 31 July 1918.  AIR 1/969/204/5/1101

—.   Reports on aeroplane and personnel casualties.  

11 June 1918 – 20 June 1918. AIR 1/856/204/5/410

21 June 1918 – 30 June 1918.  AIR 1/856/204/5/411

—.  Royal Air Force officers’ service records 1918–1919. Series AIR/76: Air Ministry: Department of the Master-General of Personnel: Officers’ Service Records. http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/records/raf-officers-ww1.htm

Record for Earl Adams. AIR/76/1/223

Record for Robert A Anderson. AIR/76/8/37 (mistakenly made part of the record for Robert Arthur Anderson).

Record for Eugene H. Barksdale. AIR/76/22/120

Record for Frank Henry Beaufort. AIR/76/30/104

Record for Reginald John Bedlington Benson. AIR76/35/112

Record for Norman Kenneth Berry. AIR/76/36/138

Record for George Herbert Bissell. AIR/76/40/156

Record for Wendell Elison [sic] Borncamp. AIR/76/46/126

Record for Bonham Hagood Bostick. AIR/76/46/192

Record for George A. Brader. AIR/76/51/44

Record for C. E. Brown. AIR/76/58/120

Record for Lawrence [sic] K. Callahan. AIR/76/73/65

Record for Jesse F. Campbell. AIR/76/74/149

Record for George Frederick Charles Caswell. AIR 76/79/182

Record for Walter Chalaire. AIR/76/81/12

Record for Allison H. Chapin. AIR/76/83/3

Record for Galloway Grinnell Cheston. AIR 76/85/115

Record for William Thomas Clements. AIR/76/92/86

Record for James M J Coburn. AIR/76/94/105

Record for Marvin K. Curtis. AIR 76/119/163

Record for Kenneth MacLean Cunningham. AIR/76/118/132

Record for Rapael [sic] Sergius De Mitkiewicz. AIR/76/351/206

Record for William Ludwig Deetjen. AIR/76/130/55

Record for L. J. Desson. AIR/76/132/36

Record for John Joseph Devery. AIR/76/132/71

Record for Philip Dietz. AIR/76/134/45

Record for Adolf Drey. AIR/76/141/64

Record for Albert F. Everett. AIR/76/154/185

Record for H. B. Frost. AIR/76/172/82

Record for J. H. Fulford AIR/76/173/15

Record for A. Gaipa AIR/76/174/75

Record for Joseph George Garneau AIR/76/177/19

Record for John M. Goad. AIR/76/185/24

Record for Robert J. Griffith. AIR/76/197/87

Record for F. J. Hagan. AIR 76/201/92

Record for Cyril Hancock. AIR 76/207/14

Record for Temple P. Hardin. AIR 76/208/67

Record for George William Higgs. AIR 76/226/132

Record for Edward Frank Hollander.  AIR 76/234/83

Record for R. A. Kelly.  AIR 76/270/195

Record for Stanley Cooper Kerk.  AIR 76/273/106

Record for Walter Burnside Knox. AIR 76/281/126

Record for Oscar Jacob Lange. AIR/76/287/18

Record for Burr Watkin [sic] De Bassette Leyson. AIR/76/299/95

Record for C. B. Maloney. AIR/76/331/177

Record for Roger Edwin Martz. AIR/76/337/94

Record for William Wyman Mathews. AIR/76/339/92

Record for Mathiessen [sic]. AIR 76/339/127

Record for W W Matthews [sic].  AIR/76/340/100

Record for Leo McCarthy. AIR/76/313/74

Record for John Hubert Perring. AIR/76/399/211

Record for Charles Edgar Turner. AIR/76/515/102

Record for James Valentine. AIR 76/520/42

Record for George A. Vaughn. AIR/76/521/35

Record for G. S. Wheeler. AIR/76/541/3

“Necrology.” Cornell Alumni News 67.10 (May 1965): 70-72.

“Necrology.” Annual for 1919 of the Thayer School of Civil Engineering Dartmouth College and of the Thayer Society of Engineers of Dartmouth College. Hanover, New Hampshire: Under the Auspices of the Thayer Society of Engineers of Dartmouth College, September 1919. (Dartmouth College Bulletin, N.S. 8.5 [September 1919]). Pp. 79-87.

Neely, William Hamlin. Diary, January 1–December 23, 1917. I am grateful to Mike O’Neal for a photocopy of the diary.

“The Nestor of Journalism: Mr. Jno. F. Warren Passed Away This Morning Shortly Before Nine O’clock.” The Tuscaloosa News (Tuscaloosa, Alabama), March 16, 1903, 1.

Nettleton, George Henry, ed. Yale in the World War. 2 vols. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1925.

“New Director on Inspection Tour.” The Morning Herald (Hagerstown, Maryland), January 25, 1944, 40.

New England Society in the City of Brooklyn. Proceedings at the First and Subsequent Annual and Spring Meetings, and First and Subsequent Annual Dinners, from 1880 to 1895, Inclusive, of the New England Society in the City of Brooklyn, and Names of Members. 2 vols. Brooklyn: n.p., 1896.

Newell, Wilmon. “Report of the Plant Commissioner.” The Quarterly Bulletin of the State Plant Board of Florida. 1.1 (October 1916): 59–123.

Newlin, William Jesse, Malcolm Oakman Young, and Robert Stillman Fletcher, eds. Biographical Record of the Graduates and Non-graduates : Centennial Edition 1821–1921. Revised Edition. Amherst, Massachusetts: The Trustees of Amherst College, 1939.

Newman, Harry Wright. The Flowering of the Maryland Palatinate. Washington, D.C.: by the author, 1961. Reprint Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. Inc. 2001.

“1948 Annual Giving Fund Contributors.” Rochester Alumni-Alumnae Review 10.3 (February-March 1949): 10-16.

The 1909 Badger [Yearbook, vol. 23, University of Wisconsin]. Madison, Wisconsin: The Badger Board of the Junior Class of the University of Wisconsin, 1908.

“90th Aeronaut Co. / Charles Carvel Fleet” [discussion thread]. At The Aerodrome Forum [web site]. http://www.theaerodrome.com/forum/showthread.php?t=56338

96th Aero Squadron. Gorrell E.14.

Norris, Sigbert A. E. [History of operations of the 11th Squadron during St. Mihiel Offensive]. Gorrell E.3: 54-57.   [The title is misleading, as the history also includes the Meuse-Argonne Offensive and concludes with an account of November 4, 1918.]

“Notes from Air Corps Fields.” Air Corps News Letter 14.4 (March 31, 1930): 95-100.

“Northrup, Rev. I. H.” [obituary]. New York Times, September 19, 1902, 9.

“Norton, Cyril” [web page]. At Commonwealth War Graves Commission [web site]. Accessed December 16, 2016.

“Notes from Air Corps Fields.” Air Corps Newsletter 14.4 (March 31, 1930): 95–100.

“Notified of Death.” Springfield Missouri Republican, June 17, 1919, 10.

“No 32 Squadron RFC/RAF 1918: A Brief History.” At 32 Squadron RAF1918 [web site]. Linked from The Royal Flying Corps 1914–1918 [web site at www.airwar1.org.uk].  Accessed September 7, 2019. http://32.airwar1.org.uk/index.htm

No. 40 Squadron Record Book (RFC/RAF).  Copy in the Frank W. Bailey Papers in The George H. Williams, Jr. World War I Aviation Library at the Eugene McDermott Library of the University of Texas at Dallas.

“No. 52 Training Squadron, RFC” [discussion thread]. At Great War Forum.  At The Long, Long Trail: the British Army in the Great War [web site]. Accessed August 12, 2019. https://www.greatwarforum.org/topic/215757-no-52-training-squadron-rfc/

No. 209 Squadron Record Book (RFC/RAF). Copy in the Frank W. Bailey Papers in The George H. Williams, Jr. World War I Aviation Library at the Eugene McDermott Library of the University of Texas at Dallas.

Obituaries.” Cornell Alumni News 34.20 (March 3, 1932): 250.

“Obituaries.” The Sigma Chi Quarterly: The Official Organ of the Sigma Chi Fraternity. 38.4 (September 1919): 582–95.

“Obituary [for John Lavalle]. The American Contractor 37.26 (June 24, 1916) p. 112.

O’Connor, Mike. Airfields and Airmen of the Channel Coast. Barnsley, South Yorkshire, United Kingdom: Pen & Sword Military, 2005.

“Offensive patrol vs. bombing/strafing patrol” [discussion thread]. At Great War Forum.  At The Long, Long Trail: the British Army in the Great War [web site]. Accessed July 28, 2018. https://www.greatwarforum.org/topic/262734-offensive-patrol-vs-bombingstrafing-patrol/

The Official History of No. 55 Bombing Squadron 1916–1924. Typescript. Part of “Squadron Number: 55 Appendices: Y” at The National Archives (UK). AIR 27/521.

Official Register of the Officers and Cadets United States Military Academy for 1917. West Point, New York: United States Military Academy Printing Office, 1917.

Ohio University. Catalog of Ohio University Athens, Ohio 1916-1917 and Circular of Information for 1917-1918. [Athens, Ohio]: Ohio University, 1917. (Ohio University Bulletin, N.S. XIV.3.)

“Olney-Bird Wedding.” Graham Guardian (Safford, Arizona), January 5, 1912, 1.

“On Way to Skies.” The Sun (Coffeyville, Kansas), July 15, 1917, p. 3.

“100 Years Ago Today – 7 June 1918″ [discussion thread]. At The Aerodrome Forum [web site]. Accessed March 11, 2019. http://www.theaerodrome.com/forum/showthread.php?t=70057

“188th Aero Squadron.” Gorrell E: 20, pp. 236-38 (separately paginated 1-3).

“148th Aero Squadron Pilot rosters by Flight” [discussion thread]. At The Aerodrome Forum [web site]. www.theaerodrome.com/forum/showthread.php?t=14847

O’Neal, Michael J. “A Short Time Across the Pond—1/Lt. Lloyd Ludwig.” Over the Front 32.2 (Summer 2017): 171–80.

The Onondagan 1916 [yearbook]. Vol. 32. N.p.: The Junior Class Syracuse University, n.d.

Osborne, Mike. Defending Cambridgeshire: The Military Landscape from Prehistory to Present. Stroud (Gloucestershire, Great Britain): The History Press, 2013.

“Outline for a History of the 135th Aero Squadron” [typescript, no author]. Robert D. Likely papers, Box 1, Hoover Institution Archives.  This may be the “digest of material” that Percival Gray Hart sent to squadron members in 1938; see his foreword to his History of the 135th Aero Squadron.

Owen, Thomas McAdory. History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography. 4 vols. Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1921.

Pacey, Joseph Woodley” [web page]. At Commonwealth War Graves Commission [web site]. Accessed December 21, 2015.

Pardoe, Blaine. Lost Eagles: One Man’s Mission to Find Missing Airmen in Two World Wars. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 2010.

Pattinson, L[awrence] A[rthur]. History of 99 Squadron, Independent Force, Royal Air Force, March, 1918–November, 1918. Cambridge: W. Heffer, 1920. Reprinted, Naval and Military Press in association with The Imperial War Museum. Digital edition by Andrews UK Limited, 2012.

“Paul V. Carpenter Dies of Cancer.” Milwaukee Sentinel, December 5, 1961. I am grateful to Caroline Bergs for a copy of this clipping, which does not include a page number.

Payden, Joan and Bill Payden, compilers. J.R.: Joseph R. Payden, 1915–1925. A Ten-Year Reflection of Memories. [Los Angeles]: privately published, 2011.

[Pentland, Andrew]. Royal Flying Corps [web site]. http://www.airhistory.org.uk/rfc/home.html

Perry, Grace Fox. Moving Finger of Jasper. N.p.: n.p., n.d.

“Pershing Honors Gallant Aviators.” Aerial Age 8.9 (November 11, 1918): 472.

Pershing, John J. My Experiences in the World War. 2 vols. New York: Frederick A. Stokes Company, 1931.

“Personals.” Engineering and Contracting 32.17 (October 27, 1909): 363–64.

Peters, Frank. “A Century of Fridays with Lizzie’s Ladies.” St. Louis Post-Dispatch, September 26, 1982, 5F.

Phelps, Vergil V.  University of Illinois Directory: Listing the 35,000 Persons Who Have Ever Been Connected with the Urbana-Champaign Departments, Including Officers of Instruction and Administration and 1397 Deceased. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois, 1916.

“Phila Lieutenant Killed.” Evening Public Ledger (Philadelphia), July 2, 1919, 3.

Philpott, Ian. The Birth of the Royal Air Force: An Encyclopedia of British Air Power before and during the Great War–1914 to 1918. Barnsley, South Yorkshire: Pen & Sword Military, 2013.

[Photograph of Four Pilots in Uniform], photograph, 1918. University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The University of Texas at Dallas.
Accessed September 29, 2017. texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth705868/

Pictorial History of Air Service from Photos of Photographic Section, Air Service: Group Photos [Part I]. Gorrell M.17.

“Pioneer Resident Dies at Age of 93.” Green Bay Press-Gazette (Green Bay, Wisconsin), February 19, 1949, 7.

Pittsfield, Massachusetts. Municipal register of the City of Pittsfield for 1912. Pittsfield, Mass.: The Canaan Press, 1912.

Playfair, P[atrick] H[enry] L[yon]. 13th Wing Special Operation Order No. 12. Issued September 24, 1918. In: Air Ministry: Air Historical Branch: Papers (Series I). 3 Brigade R.F.C. Operations orders and instructions. 01 August 1918 – 30 November 1918. AIR 1/1512/204/58/28. The National Archives (UK). Courtesy of Mike Meech, in discussion thread, “Offensive patrol vs. bombing/strafing patrol.”

Polyglot for Nineteen Hundred Eleven: The Year Book of the Senior Class Polytechnic Preparatory School Brooklyn New York. N.p.: n.p., n.d.

“Polys Fire Rapidly.” The Baltimore Sun, March 19, 1910, 12.

“Portrait Gallery: Anker C. Jensen.” The Journal (Kankakee, Illinois), September 11, 1955. (Clipping provided by Kankakee County Museum; no page number; name and place of publication of newspaper are surmise.)

Presenting the Experiences of Air Service Officers who were Prisoners of War in Germany. Gorrell M.10.

The Princeton Bric-a-Brac 1917. Vol. 41. [Princeton]: Junior Class of Princeton University, [date illegible].

The Princeton Bric-a-Brac 1918. Vol. 42. [Princeton]: [Junior Class of Princeton University], [n.d].

The Princeton Bric-a-Brac 1919. Vol. 43. [Princeton]: [Junior Class of Princeton University], 1917.

The Princeton Bric-a-Brac 1920. Vol. 44. [Princeton]: [Junior Class of Princeton University], 1919.

“Princeton’s Last Varsity Football Team Now in Service.” Princeton Alumni Weekly 18.2 (December 19, 1917): 239.

“Prisoner in Germany.” Boston Post, October 20, 1918, 28.

Proctor, John R. “Special Orders No. 116.” [Document from HQ, Base Section No. 3, S.O.S., A.E.F., London, dated May 27, 1918.] Copy of extract among the papers of Fremont Cutler Foss in the possession of his granddaughter, Karen Mader.

ProgBase [pseud.] and Kathy Sloan. “William Arthur Douglass” [web page]. At Find a Grave [web site]. Accessed May 10, 2016.  https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/67070253

“Pte. G. R. Barber. . . .” Montreal Gazette, August 19, 1916. This clipping is in the “gallery” for Andrew Blyth McCulloch Bogle in the “Andrew Nisbet Bogle” family tree created by Davidbogle1 [pseud.] at Ancestry.com. The clipping does not include a page number.

Purdue University. The Debris for 1917. Lafayette, Ind.: Senior Class of Purdue University, 1917.

Quinby, Henry Cole. Genealogical History of the Quinby (Quimby) Family in England and America. New York City: [Rutland Vt., The Tuttle Company], 1915.

Quirno Lavalle, Ricardo. “La Descendencia del General Lavalle.” Genealogia: Revista del Instituto Argentino de Ciencias Genealogicas 20 (1982): 215–25.

The Quittapahilla Nineteen-Eighteen [Yearbook of Lebanon Valley College]. N.p.: n.p., n.d.

“Quota of Pilots Completing D. H.-4 Transformation Always Met at Field No. Ten.” Plane News (“Air Service Paper of the A.E.F.,” published at the Third Aviation Instruction Center, Issoudun, France) 2.12 (February 8, 1919): 4.

“R. A. Kelly is Claimed at Hospital.” Xenia Daily Gazette (Xenia, Ohio), Jun 2, 1966, 19.

R. L. Polk & Co. Polk’s Newton (Middlesex County, Mass.) City Directory 1948. Boston: R. L. Polk & Co., 1947.

—.  R. L. Polk and Co.’s 1917 Trow’s New York City Directory Boroughs of Manhattan and Bronx. New York City: R. L. Polk & Co., 1917.

—. R. L. Polk and Co.’s Tuscaloosa City Directory 1916-1917. Vol. 3. Birmingham, Alabama: R. L. Polk & Co., Publishers, 1916.

“Radio Program for Today.” The Boston Globe, March 21, 1928, 20.

“RAF abbreviation “W.E.A.”—special mission intercepting” [discussion thread]. At Great War Forum. At The Long, Long Trail: the British Army in the Great War [web site]. Accessed February 19, 2019. https://www.greatwarforum.org/topic/270045-raf-abbreviation-wea-special-mission-intercepting/

“RAF IX Brigade Order of Battle April 1918″ [web page]. At 32 Squadron RAF1918 [web site]. Linked from The Royal Flying Corps 1914–1918 [web site at www.airwar1.org.uk]. Accessed June 4, 2012. http://www.32.airwar1.org.uk/ixbgdeapr18.htm

“RAF 55th Sqdn., Airmen story” [discussion thread]. At Great War Forum. At The Long, Long Trail: the British Army in the Great War [web site]. Accessed January 10, 2018. http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/topic/169380-raf-55th-sqdn-airmen-story/

Rath, H[oward] G. “First Day Bombardment Group, Account of Operations: Dates, Places, and Events Chronologically Stated.”  Gorrell N.15: 64-152; also reproduced Gorrell C.8: 58–146.

“Razorbacks, Past and Present will Play McMlilan [sic] Team.” Fayetteville Daily Democrat (Fayetteville, Arkansas), December 18, 1922, 1.

“Record of Fifth Pursuit Group.” Gorrell C.11: 546 ff. (originally independently paginated).

The Record of the Class of 1915 [University of Pennsylvania Yearbook]. N.p.: n.p., n.d.

Reed, Otis Lowell and George Roland. Camel Drivers: The 17th Aero Squadron in World War I. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Military/Aviation History, 1996.

“Regular Forces.” Supplement to the London Gazette. No. 30331 (12 October 1917): 10489–92.

Rennles, Keith. Independent Force: The War Diary of the Daylight Bomber Squadrons of the Independent Air Force 6th June – 11th November 1918. London: Grub Street, 2002.

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Catalogue March 1918. Register of Graduates 1826–1917 with Geographical Index. Troy, N.Y.: Rensselaer Polytechnic Insitute, March 1918. (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Bulletin 17.1 [March 1918]).

“Report on the Activities of the Mobilization and Training Department of the Night Bombardment Section, Air Service, American Expeditionary Force.” Gorrell B.9: 14 ff. (originally independently paginated).

“Rest Chateau.” Gorrell M.16: 70-92.

“Resumé of changes of station of air service units which operated in the zone of advance.” Gorrell D.2: [first document, 24 pages].

Revell, Alex. High in the Empty Blue: The History of 56 Squadron, RFC/RAF 1916 to 1920. Mountain View, CA: Flying Machines Press, 1995.

—. No 56 Squadron RAF/RFC. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2009.

RFC/RAF No. 32 Squadron Record Book (22 May 1918–10 November 1918).   Copy in George H. Williams, Jr. Collection at the University of Texas, Dallas.  Note:  This is a rather poor photocopy of a typescript. For the events of May 18, 1918, I also consulted the handwritten 32 Squadron, R.F.C. Record book and officers flying times: 01 January 1918 – 31 July 1918 at the National Archives (United Kingdom) (AIR 1/1495/204/38/12).

RFC/RAF No. 65 Squadron Combat Reports (23 November 1917–1 November 1918). Copy in the George H. Williams, Jr., Collection in the in The George H. Williams, Jr. World War I Aviation Library at the Eugene McDermott Library of the University of Texas at Dallas.

RFC/RAF No. 65 Squadron Record Book (4 May 1918–31 July 1918). Copy in the George H. Williams, Jr., Collection in the in The George H. Williams, Jr. World War I Aviation Library at the Eugene McDermott Library of the University of Texas at Dallas.

RFC/RAF No. 73 Squadron Combat Reports (21 February 1918–3 November
1918). Copy in the George H. Williams, Jr., Collection in the in The George H. Williams, Jr. World War I Aviation Library at the Eugene McDermott Library of the University of Texas at Dallas.

RFC/RAF No. 73 Squadron Record Book (24 March 1918–25 July 1918). Copy in the George H. Williams, Jr., Collection in the in The George H. Williams, Jr. World War I Aviation Library at the Eugene McDermott Library of the University of Texas at Dallas.

“Richard Wilson Steele” [web page]. At Military Times Hall of Valor [web site]. Accessed November 16, 2015. http://valor.militarytimes.com/recipient.php?recipientid=16259

“Richland” (also known as “Cheston, Robert Murray House,” “Thanksgiving Farm,”AA-2358″). United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places Registration Form. Certification November 13, 2007. Form prepared by Sherri M. Marsh. Accessed May 30, 2017. https://mht.maryland.gov/secure/medusa/PDF/NR_PDFs/NR-1458.pdf

“River View Manor and Hastings Happenings.” Dobbs Ferry Register (New York), [no date visible; probably June 1918], 8. Accessed June 19, 2017. http://fultonhistory.com/Newspaper%2017/Dobbs%20Ferry%20NY%20%20Register/Dobbs%20Ferry%20NY%20%20Register%201917-1918/Dobbs%20Ferry%20NY%20%20Register%201917-1918%20-%200888.pdf

“River View Manor and Hastings Happenings.” Dobbs Ferry Register (New York), [no date visible; probably October 1917], 8. Accessed December 22, 2016. http://fultonhistory.com/Newspaper%2017/Dobbs%20Ferry%20NY%20%20Register/Dobbs%20Ferry%20NY%20%20Register%201917-1918/Dobbs%20Ferry%20NY%20%20Register%201917-1918%20-%200388.pdf

“Robert A. Kelly.” Farm Implement News 13.35 (September 1, 1892): 13.

“Robert J. Griffith” [web page]. At American Battle Monuments Commission [web site]. Accessed March 21, 2017. https://www.abmc.gov/node/346415

“Roberts, A.M.” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed June 27, 2017. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/7000283837-roberts-a.m

Robertson, Bruce. British Military Aircraft Serials 1878–1987. Leicester: Midland Counties Publications, 1987. (First edition 1964.)

Robertson, F. A. de V. “No. 48 (General Reconnaissance) Squadron.” Flight 30.1458 (December 3, 1936): insert a-b between pp. 604 and 605.

“Rochester Airman Met Great Hun Ace: Lieutenant Borncamp Back at his Home Here.” Democrat and Chronicle (Rochester, New York), February 12, 1919, 23.

Rochford, Leonard H. I Chose the Sky. London: William Kimber & Co. Limited, 1977. 2nd edition London: Grub Street, 2015. Cited from unpaginated ebook.

[Rockford High School].  The 1918 Annual.  [Rockford, Illinois]: The Senior Class of Rockford High School, 1918.

Rogers, Alden. The Hard White Road: A Chronicle of the Reserve Mallet. Buffalo: Privately printed, 1923.

Rogers, Bogart. A Yankee Ace in the RAF: The World War I Letters of Captain Bogart Rogers. Ed. John H. Morrow, Jr., and Earl Rogers. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 1996.

Rogers, Don T., ed. “Another of the War Birds: 1st Lieut. Raymond Watts.” Cross & Cockade 5.3 (Autumn 1964): 270–79.

Rossano, Geoffrey L. Stalking the U-Boat: U.S. Naval Aviation in Europe during World War I.  Gainesville, Florida: University of Florida Press, 2010.

“Roster from Clayton Knight.” Included in “Roster of the First and Second Detachments of U.S. Cadets at Oxford.” Penttinen Collection, Special Collections Department, Eugene McDermott Library, University of Texas at Dallas. Box 50, item 8.

“Roster of First Detachment of US Cadets at Oxford.” Included in “Roster of the First and Second Detachments of U.S. Cadets at Oxford.” Penttinen Collection, Special Collections Department, Eugene McDermott Library, University of Texas at Dallas. Box 50, item 8

“Roster of Second Detachment.” Included in “Roster of the First and Second Detachments of U.S. Cadets at Oxford.” Penttinen Collection, Special Collections Department, Eugene McDermott Library, University of Texas at Dallas. Box 50, item 8

“Roster of Commissioned Personnel of the 166th Aero Squadron.” Gorrell E.20: 87.

“Round Oak Observer Missing.” County Express (Stourbridge, Worcestershire), November 2, 1918. This brief article has been anonymously transcribed and posted on the web using Evernote; I have not seen the original article. Accessed December 20, 2016. https://www.evernote.com/shard/s12/sh/2577fa61-f817-4f7a-bd66-9520e05f4b79/9c5a76faac3f030bcca69b8bbc12eeb8

Ruckman, John H[amilton], ed. Technology’s War Record: an Interpretation of the Contribution Made by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, its Staff, its Former Students and its Undergraduates to the Cause of the United States and the Allied Powers in the Great War, 1914–1919. Cambridge, Mass.: War Records Committee of the Alumni Association of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1920.

Ruffin, Steve.  “‘Dutch Girl’ over the Argonne: The 50th Aero Squadron in World War I.” Over the Front 25.2 (Summer 2010): 100–35.

—.  “‘The Luckiest Man in the Army’: Milton K. Lockwood, Aerial Observer, 50th Aero Squadron.” Over the Front 25.2 (2010): 167–77.

—. “Mortal—Immortal: Goettler and Bleckley, 50th Aero Squadron Medal of Honor Airmen.” Over the Front 25.2 (Summer 2010): 136–55.

St. John’s College. Catalogue of St. John’s College Annapolis Maryland for the Academic Year, 1897–1898 and Prospectus of 1898–1899. Annapolis; Maryland Republican Steam Press, 1898.

—. Catalogue of St. John’s College Annapolis Maryland for the Academic Year, 1910-1911 and Prospectus 1911-1912. Annapolis: Advertiser-Republican, [1911].

—. Catalogue of St. John’s College Annapolis Maryland for the Academic Year, 1914-1915 and Prospectus, 1915-1916. Annapolis: Advertiser-Republican, [1915].

—. Circular of St. John’s College Annapolis Maryland for the Academic Year, 1912-1913 and Prospectus 1913-1914. Annapolis: Advertiser-Republican, [1913] Annapolis: Alumni Association, 1921.

—. Register of the Graduates and Alumni of St. John’s College at Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Press of Williams & Wilkins Company, 1908.

“Salmon B. Chapin” [discussion thread]. At Message Boards [web site hosted by ancestry.com]. Accessed December 8, 2015. http://boards.ancestry.com/localities.northam.usa.states.connecticut.counties.hartford/799.1/mb.ashx

“Santa Ana Men in Casualties.” Los Angeles Times, December 20, 1918, 15.

“Sarah Dietz Tjebkes.” In Orphan Train Riders: Their Own Stories. Vol. 2. Compiled by Mary Ellen Johnson. Edited by Kay B. Hall. Baltimore: Gateway Press, Inc., 1993. Pp. 97-108.

Saunders, Bradley J., Jr. History of the 135th Aero Squadron (Observation). Gorrell E.17: 60-70.

Sayre, C[harles] R[ead] and F[rank] H[oward] Roberts. A Brief History of Battery “D” 111th Field Artillery 1915–1919. N.p: n.p., n.d. [Copy preserved and digitized by the Hampton History Museum, Hampton, Virginia.]

The Scarlet Letter: Year Book of Rutgers College. New Brunswick, New Jersey: The Class of 1914, 1913.

Schröder, Hans.  Erlebter Krieg.  Bern: Verlag A. Francke A.-G., [1934].

Scott, A[lan] J[ohn] L[ance]. Sixty Squadron, R.A.F.: A History of the Squadron from its Formation. London: William Heinemann; New York: George H. Doran Company, 1920.

Scott, Rufus Fenner, et al., eds. Class History 1916 Sheffield Scientific School Yale University. New Haven, Connecticut: n. p., 1916.

Scriven, George P. “Report of the Chief Signal Officer.” In U.S. War Department. Annual Reports, 1916. Washington, D.C., G.P.O., 1916. Vol. 1, pp. 857–91.

The Second Army Air Service Book.  Ed. Hugo B. Law et al.  Toul: [n.p.], 1919.

“Second Corps Aeronautical School, Chatillon-sur-Seine.” Gorrell J.10: 262–346.

“2nd Lieut. Bogart Rogers GL” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed September 7, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/20572

“2nd Lieut. H W Matthews RAF” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed September 20, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/14998

“2nd Lieut. Hubert Mason” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed February 19, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/14911

“2nd Lieut. Lionel Frank Lomas” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed February 19, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/14199

“2nd Lieut. Roland Dudley Doane RAF” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed April 25, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/5791

“2nd Lieut., Lieut. Alwin Stewart Cross R. F. C. Gen list” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed September 7, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/4582

“2nd Lieut., Lieut. Donald John Russell R A F General List” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed September 7, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/20937

“2nd Lieut., Lieut. Keith William Allardyce Symons” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed April 25, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/23789

“2nd Lieut., Lieut. Thomas Geoffrey Drew Brook R. A. F General List” [web page for casualty form]. At Officer’s Casualty Forms of the Royal Flying Corps & Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed April 25, 2019. https://www.casualtyforms.org/form/1603

Sellers, Cecil G. “History of the 20th Aero Squadron Air Service, U.S.A.” Gorrell E.4: 153-[243]. (Also reproduced in Gorrell N.16.)

Senior Annual, West High School. Rochester, New York: The Class of June, 1914, [n.d.]. Accessed at the Central Library of Rochester and Monroe County, Yearbook Collection, September 20, 2016. http://www.libraryweb.org/~digitized/yearbooks/West/1914.pdf

Senior Classes, University College and College of Engineering, New York University, University Heights. 1939 Violet [class yearbook]. Herman N. Eisen, ed. [New York]: 1939.

Senn, Olive M. “The Last ‘War Bird’.” Cross & Cockade Great Britain Journal 9.1 (1978): 40.

“17th Aero Squadron, 2nd Army, Officers” [number 146, 10 officers] [photo]. In Pictorial History of Air Service from Photos of Photographic Section, Air Service: Group Photos [Part I] (= Gorrell M.17), p. [45]. Accessed at Fold3.com September 20, 2016. https://www.fold3.com/image/250/311370923

“17th Aero Squadron, 2nd Army, Officers” [number 147, 25 officers] [photo]. In Pictorial History of Air Service from Photos of Photographic Section, Air Service: Group Photos [Part I] (= Gorrell M.17), p. [46]. Accessed at Fold3.com September 20, 2016. https://www.fold3.com/image/250/311370924

Sewell, Patricia and Cecilia Palin, eds. U.S. World War I Mothers’ Pilgrimage, 1929 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1999. Original data: List of Mothers and Widows of American Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines Entitled to Make a Pilgrimage to War Cemeteries in Europe. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1930. Records Relating to Pilgrimages of Gold Star Mothers and Widows, 1930–1933. NAI 6161915. Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General, 1774–1985, Record Group 92. The National Archives at Washington, D.C.

Record for Mrs Isabel Adams.

Record for Mrs Amanda B Coates.

Record for Mrs Bertha Douglass.

Shapiro, Allison. “Anker Janson [sic] Writes of his Trip Over Sea.” Daily Journal (Kankakee, Illinois). November 2. 1917. Accessed April 11, 2018, at http://www.daily-journal.com/news/local/anker-janson-writes-of-his-trip-over-sea/article_a7ef4384-e9d0-57fa-9d09-a5e0d5a0cc70.html

Sharon [pseud.]. “Albert F. Everett” [web page]. At Find a Grave [web site]. Accessed May 19, 2016.  Now “Albert Frank Everett” (April 25, 2019).  https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/101495689

Sherman, W[illiam] C[arrington]. General Orders Number 27 (France, November 17, 1918). Gorrell M.38: 135-37.

—, compiler. Operations of Air Service, First Army from August 10th to November 11th, 1918. Gorrell C.3.

Shores, Christopher, Norman Franks, and Russell Guest. Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915–1920. London: Grub Street, 1990.

“Shorthand Leads to Achievement” [advertisement for Brown’s Business College]. The Decatur Herald (Decatur Illinois), January 17, 1915, 21.

Sieber, T. A. “Philadelphia [Newsletter].” The American Elevator and Grain Trade 39.5 (November 15, 1920): 422-23.

Siebert, Wilbur H. and Edgar Holmes McNeal. In the Camps and at the Front. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 1938. (= Part 3 of Volume 4 [The University in the Great War] of History of the Ohio State University, 11volumes, 1920–1985.)

Skelton, Marvin L. “Becoming Operational out of the First Oxford Detachment.” Over the Front 11.1 (Spring 1996): 66-85 & 94.

—. Callahan, the Last War Bird. Manhattan, Kansas: Air Force Historical Foundation, 1980. [Although identical in title and similar in appearance, this and the following include some divergent material. I cite this edition, but have used photo captions from both in identifying men in photos of No. 85 Squadron.]

—. Callahan, the Last War Bird. [Manhattan, Kansas: Military Affairs/Aerospace Historian Pub., 1980.]

—. “Frank A. Dixon and the 17th Aero Sqdn.” Cross & Cockade 19.2 (Summer 1978): 153-83.

Skelton, Marvin L. and George H. Williams. Lt. Henry R. Clay: Sopwith Camel Ace. [Richardson, Texas]: University of Texas at Dallas, History of Aviation Collection, 1998.

Skinner, Stephen D. “Commanding the 11th: The Service Career of Capt. Charles Heater.” Over the Front 3.3 (Autumn 1988): 259-68. For a slightly different version, under the same title, see http://indysquadron.tripod.com/isd_Copy_1/id55.html  (Accessed January 15, 2018).

Sloan, James J. Wings of Honor. American Airmen in World War I: A Compilation of All United States Pilots, Observers, Gunners and Mechanics Who Flew Against the Enemy in the War of 1914–1918. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Military/Aviation History, 1994.

—. “The 25th Aero Squadron.” American Aviation Historical Society Journal 7.1 (Spring) 1962: 17–31.

Sloan, John and George D. Hocutt. “One of the ‘Warbirds’: 1st Lt. Donald S. Poler, No. 40 Squadron R.A.F., 25th Aero Squadron U.S.A.S.” Cross and Cockade 1.1 (Spring 1960): 20–29.

—. “The Real Italian Detachment: Transcription of a Tape Recorded Interview with Brigadier General Claude E. Duncan, U.S.A.F. (Retired).” Cross and Cockade 1.2 (Summer 1960): 43-52.

Smalley, Frank, ed.  Alumni Record and General Catalogue of Syracuse University 1872-1910. 3 vols. Syracuse, New York: n.p., 1899-1911.

Smart, Lawrence L. The Hawks that Guided the Guns. Privately printed, 1968.

“Society.” The Evening Star (Washington, D.C.), June 28, 1917, 8.

“Society.” The Telegram (Elmira, N.Y.), May 7, 1916. (Page number not available.)

“Society: Personals.” Tuscaloosa News (Tuscaloosa, Alabama), December 22, 1911, 5.

“Soldier Boy Letters” [Kindley letter (mis)dated May 2, 1918]. The Sun (Coffeyville, Kansas), July 16, 1918, p. 4.

“Soldier Boy Letters” [Kindley letters of June 28 and July 18, 1918, to E. E. Kindley]. The Sun (Coffeyville, Kansas), August 7, 1918, p. 3.

“Soldier-Boy Letters” [Kindley letter of January 28, 1918 to E. E. Kindley]. The Sun (Coffeyville, Kansas), February 20, 1918, p. 3.

The Sounder [Fort Smith High School Yearbook]. Vol. 8. [Fort Smith, Arkansas]: The Senior Class, [1914].

“South Carlton Landing Ground History” [web page]. At Bomber County Aviation Resource [web site]. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://www.bcar.org.uk/south-carlton.php

Spalding, Albert. Rise to Follow. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1943.

“Springfield Flier Falls 21,000 Feet Behind Lines, His Machine in Flames.” Springfield Missouri Republican, July 31, 1918, 8.

Springs, Elliott White. Letters from a War Bird: The World War I Correspondence of Elliott White Springs. Ed. David K. Vaughan. Columbia, S.C.: University of South Carolina, 2012.

—.  War Birds: The Diary of a Great War Pilot. Annotated by Horace Fulford; edited by Mark Hillier. Barnsley, S. Yorkshire: Frontline Books, 2016.

“The Squadron has an Eventful History.” Cent Soixante Six 1.1 (November 25, 1917): 3-4; continuation 1.2 (December 7, 1918): 1 & 3.

“Stanley Kerk.” Daily Independent Journal (San Rafael, California), March 31, 1973, 3.

Sterling, Adaline Wheelock. The Book of Englewood. Englewood, New Jersey: Published by authority of the mayor and council of the city of Englewood, NJ, 1922.

Stevens, Walter B. St. Louis: History of the Fourth City 1763-1909. Vol. III (Biographical). Chicago and St. Louis: The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1909.

Stokes, Ralph. “The Cobalt Silver Field, Ontario.—II.” The Mining World 27.9 (August 31, 1907): 346– 49.

Stone, Scott C. S. From a Joyful Heart: The Life and Music of R. Alexander Anderson. Waipahu, Hawaii: Island Heritage Publishing, 2003.

Strange, Lonnie R. “The Civil War and Reconstruction in Mississippi County: The Story of Sans Souci Plantation.” M. A. Thesis, University of Arkansas, 2016.

“Students Enjoy First Banquet. Freshmen of Lebanon Valley Elude Sophs and Dine Here.” The Reading News-Times (Reading, Pennsylvania), November 16, 1915, 3.

Sturtivant, Ray, and Gordon Page.  The D.H.4 / D.H.9 File. Tunbridge Wells: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1999.

—.  The Camel File. Tonbridge, Kent: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1993.

“Summary of Operations of First Day Bombardment Group.” Gorrell N.15: 2–7.

Supplemental Histories for the 10th, 27th, 30th . . . . Gorrell E.27.

“Supply Trade.” Railway Age 106.16 (April 22, 1939): 717.

Sutton, George W. “The 104th Aero Squadron (Corps Observation).” Gorrell E.17: 1–39.

Sweeney, Daniel J., compiler. History of Buffalo and Erie County 1914-1918. Second Edition. [Buffalo]: Committee of One Hundred, 1920.

Swoope, Roland D. Jr. Twentieth Century History of Clearfield County Pennsylvania and Representative Citizens. Chicago: Richmond-Arnold Publishing Co., [1911].

Taylor, Joseph Carey Crabtree. “Another Man’s War.” Cross & Cockade International 5.4 (Winter 1974): 145–59.

Taylor, William F [sic; sc.: P(arker)]. A History of the 148th Aero Squadron. Gorrell E.19. Page numbers cited are those stamped in the upper right hand corner of pages in the volume; Taylor’s narrative (but not the front matter or addenda) has its own pagination.

Taylor, W[illiam] P[arker] and F[rancis] L. Irvin, compilers. Francis L. “Spike” Irvin’s War Diary and The History of the 148th Aero Squadron Aviation Section. Manhattan, Kansas: MA/AH Publishing–Sunflower University Press, 1974. Note: This set of unedited documents also includes combat reports and reports on attacks on ground targets, copies of short stories by Elliott White Springs, documents related to 148th reunions, and a number of photocopied photos.

Technique 1923: The Yearbook of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. [Vol. 37] [Lynn, Massachusetts]: The Junior Class, 1922.

“Temple P. Hardin, Ex-Flier and Athlete, Succumbs.” Arkansas Gazette, December 15, 1937, 12.

Tenney, Marion Louise, ed. and comp. War Activities of the Borough of Roselle, Union County, New Jersey, 1915-1919. Rosell, N.J.: [n.p.], 1920.

“Terminated a Military Career.” The Bismarck Tribune (Bismarck, North Dakota), July 16, 1913, p. 1.

Thayer, Lucien H. America’s First Eagles: The Official History of the U.S. Air Service, A.E.F., (1917-1918). San Jose, California, and Mesa, Arizona: R. James Bender Publishing and Champlin Fighter Museum Press, co-publishers, 1983.

“The Rev. William Hugh Knox.” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, May 20,1923, 9.

“Then and Now—Harvard Castle.” Rochester Times-Union, May 19, 1941.

“37 Squadron R.F.C.” [web page]. At The South East Echo [web site, defunct].  Accessed March 9, 2019, at https://web.archive.org/web/20120528225753/http://www.thesoutheastecho.co.uk/Squadrons/37_squadron.htm

“33rd Aero Squadron (Training).” Gorrell E.7: 269– 78.

32 Squadron, R.F.C. Bombing reports: 01 March 1918 – 31 July 1918. The National Archives (United Kingdom). AIR 1/1495/204/38/15

Thomas, Charles G. and Michael O’Neal, “The 166th Aero Squadron – A History in Photos.” Over the Front 32.2 (Summer 2017).

“Thomas W. Blackburn” [web page]. At Veteran Tributes: Honoring Those who Served [web site]. Accessed April 26, 2017. http://www.veterantributes.org/TributeDetail.php?recordID=849

Thompsor58 [pseud.]. “Thompson Family Tree.” Page for Dana Edmund Coates. Accessed at Ancestry.com September 20, 2016. http://person.ancestry.com/tree/55939855/person/40315716748/facts

“354th Aero Squadron (Observation).” Gorrell: E.22: 139–48.

“Thrilling Flights in Air Told of by Returned Fliers.” The Tuscaloosa News (Tuscaloosa, Alabama), December 6, 1918, 1.

Ticknor, Caroline, comp. and ed. New England Aviators 1914–1918: Their Portraits and Their Records. 2 vols. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1919–20.

“To Aid China in Air.” The Daily Journal (Vineland, New Jersey), May 8, 1928, 7.

“To Enlarge Madison Camp.” The New York Times, June 24, 1917, 4.

“To Aviation School.” Daily Arkansas Gazette (Little Rock, Arkansas), July 18, 1917, 3.

“Today’s Casualty List.” Evening Public Ledger (Philadelphia), June 7, 1919, 3.

Todd, David. “Amherst Aero Club.” Aircraft 1.3 (May 1910): 112.

Todd, Robert M. Sopwith Camel Fighter Ace. Falls Church, Virginia: AJAY Enterprises, 1978.

“Tome School for Boys.” The Baltimore Sun, June 11, 1912, 11.

“Toronto Man Air Chief in Chinese Army.” The Leader-Post (Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada), May 19, 1928, 22.

Townsend, Dave. “Aeroplane Squadron Locations during World War 1″ [web page]. At his Dave Townsend [web site]. http://patriot.net/~townsend/WW1AirMap2/ September 30, 2016: dead link, but can be accessed through the wayback machine.

Trabue, Daniel. Colonial Men and Times. Philadelphia: Innes & Sons, 1916.

Trafton, C. K. “New York [Newsletter].” The American Elevator and Grain Trade 35.5 (November 15, 1916): 317-18.

“Training Squadron Locations” [discussion thread]. At Great War Forum. At The Long, Long Trail: the British Army in the Great War [web site]. Accessed September 2, 2015. http://1914–1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=119372

“Trojan Marries at Ithaca.” The Troy Times (Troy, New York), September 10, 1917, ?.

“Turnberry War Memorial” [web page]. At Maybole.org. Accessed April 28, 2017. http://www.maybole.org/history/archives/memorials/turnberrymemorial.htm

“Turner, C.E.” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed September 29, 2016. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/turner-c.e

“Turner, F.C. (Frederick Charles)” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed September 29, 2016. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/turner-f.c.-frederick-charles

“Twelve N. Y. Plattsburgers Ordered to Flying School.” The Sun (New York, New York), July 7, 1917, 3.

“20 Bullets Hit Plane.” Daily Arkansas Gazette (Little Rock, Arkansas), November 3, 1918, 10.

“Twenty-five Plattsburg Men to Become Aviators.” Air Service Journal 1.2 (July 19, 1917): 62.

218 Squadron R.A.F. Bomb dropping and reconnaissance reports: 01 September 1918 – 30 November 1918. The National Archives (United Kingdom). AIR 1/2004/204/303/4

218 Squadron R.A.F. Casualty reports and returns: 01 June 1918 – 31 January 1919. The National Archives (United Kingdom). AIR 1/2004/204/303/5  See also: 5 Group Files. 5 Group, R.F.C. and R.A.F. Casualty reports: 22 March 1918–31 March 1919.   AIR 1/58/15/9/58

218 Squadron R.A.F. Flying times and record of officers services: 01 May 1918 – 31 December 1918. The National Archive (United Kingdom). AIR 1/2005/204/303/9

218 Squadron R.A.F. Record book: 01 October 1918 – 31 January 1919. The National Archives (United Kingdom). AIR 1/2005/204/303/11

“260 Names in Lists Sent out by Pershing.” The Indianapolis News, August 23, 1918, 8.

“210 Squadron” [web page]. At Royal Air Force [web site]. Accessed July 29, 2016. http://www.raf.mod.uk/history/210squadron.cfm

“202 Squadron” [discussion thread]. At Great War Forum. At The Long, Long Trail: the British Army in the Great War [web site]. Accessed December 4, 2015. http://1914–1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=151634&hl=%26quot%3B2+squadron%26quot%3B#entry1458768

“202 Squadron planes, Oct/Nov. 1918 at Jabbeke” [discussion thread]. At Great War Forum. At The Long, Long Trail: the British Army in the Great War [web site]. Accessed December 6, 2015. http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=119385

“Two Killed, One Missing and Six Wounded Men of City on Casualty Lists.” Rochester Democrat and Chronicle (Rochester, New York), October 15, 1918, 18.

United States, War Department, General Staff. Catalogue of Official A.E.F. Photographs Taken by the Signal Corps. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1919.

—. Organization of the Services of Supply, American Expeditionary Forces. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1921.

“US Air Service Cadets” [discussion thread]. At The Aerodrome [web site]. Accessed December 5, 2015. http://www.theaerodrome.com/forum/showthread.php?t=60874&page=3

“U.S.A. Flying Officer’s Death.” Lincolnshire Echo, February 23, 1918, 4.

U. S. Air Service Victory Credits World War I. USAF Historical Study No. 133. Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama: Historical Research Division, Aerospace Studies Institute, Air University, 1969.

U.S. Congress. House. Hearing [on United Air Service] before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Military Affairs. 66th Congress, 2nd Session. 1919. Washington, D.C., G.P.O., 1919.

U.S. Congress. House. Select Committee on Expenditures in the War Department. Hearings before Subcommittee No. 1 (Aviation). 66th Cong., 1st sess., 1919. Serial 2, vol. 3.  Washington, D.C.:  G.P.O., 1920.

The University of Chicago. Annual Register Covering the Academic Year Ending June 30, 1917, with Announcements for the Year 1917-1918. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1917.

The University of Georgia. Announcement of the University of Georgia for the Session of 1916– 1917. With a Register of Officers and Students for the Session 1915–1916. (Bulletin of the University of Georgia 16.8 [May 1916].)

The University of Pennsylvania. Catalogue of the University of Pennsylvania 1913–1914. Philadelphia: Published by the University, February 1914. (= The University Bulletin, Fourteenth Series, No. 3, Pt. 2.)

The University of Rochester. General Catalogue of the University of Rochester. Rochester, New York: University of Rochester, 1911.

The University of Wisconsin. Alumni Directory 1849–1911. Madison, Wisconsin: n.p., 1912.

Vaughn, George A.  War Flying in France.  Edited and annotated by Marvin L. Skelton.  Manhattan, KS: Military Affairs/Aerospace Historian Pub., 1980.

VanWyngarden, Greg. Jagdgeschwader Nr. II: Geschwader Berthold. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2005.

“Velde [sic; sc.: Velie], H.G.” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed May 20, 2017. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/velde-h.g

Vermont, Adjutant General’s Office.  Roster of Vermont Men and Women in the Military and Naval Service of the United States and Allies in the World War, 1917-1919.  Montpelier, Vermont: Vermont Adjutant General’s Office, 1927.

Victories and Casualties. Gorrell M.38.

VideoText Communications Ltd. “The Forgotten Gunners of WWI.” Time Team 20.1. [Originally broadcast on British television, Channel 4, November 11, 2012].

W. E. Borncamp, World War I Vet, Dies in Holley.” Lockport, N.Y., Union-Sun and Journal, December 30, 1971, 17.

“W.W. Mathews” [discussion thread]. At The Aerodrome [web site]. Accessed September 27, 2019. https://www.theaerodrome.com/forum/showthread.php?t=60642

“W. J Salmons MM RAF 23/4/1918” [discussion thread]. At Great War Forum. At The Long, Long Trail: the British Army in the Great War [web site]. Accessed August 31, 2015. http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=172753

Walker, Steven A. “University College Senior Theses” [finding aid]. New York University Archives, 2012. http://dlib.nyu.edu/findingaids/html/archives/theses/theses.html

“Walter Burnside Knox ’17.” Princeton Alumni Weekly 37.3 (October 9, 1936): 82.

“Walter Chalaire, Lawyer, Dies.” New York Times, November 8, 1971, 42.

“Walter F. Halley: His Company Helped Build His State.” Air Transportation 8.10 (August 3, 1929): 55.

“Walter Halley Dies in Chicago.” Argus-Leader (Sioux Falls, South Dakota), February 4, 1932, 1.

War Birds: Diary of an Unknown Aviator. New York: George H. Doran Company, 1926.

War Department. Office of the Quartermaster General. Army Transport Service. Lists of Incoming Passengers, 1917 – 1938. In the National Archives and Records Administration. National Archives Identifier: 6234465 Container Identifier: Boxes 1 – 360 HMS Entry Number(s): NM-81 2060. Digitized by Fold3.com. (These lists are also searchable at Ancestry.com, but still imperfectly.)

Passenger list, S.S. America, departing Brest March 28, 1919, arriving Boston April 5, 1919. Accessed at Fold3.com October 17, 2017. www.fold3.com/image/604180050

Passenger list, S. S. Antigone, departing St. Nazaire December 21, 1918, arriving Newport News, January 3, 1919. https://www.fold3.com/image/604183787

Passenger list, convalescent detachment 182, S. S. Antigone, departing Bordeaux March 12, 1919, arriving Hoboken March 24, 1919. Accessed at Fold3.com September 20, 2019. https://www.fold3.com/image/604184215

Passenger list for detachment of casual officers on Canada, departing Brest January 10, 1919, arriving Boston January 21, 1919. Accessed at Fold3.com November 14, 2018. www.fold3.com/image/604195053

Passenger list for detachment of sick and wounded American Red Cross Military Hospital No. 4 Liverpool on S. S. Caronia, departing Liverpool January 14, 1919, arriving New York January 25, 1919. Accessed at Fold3.com August 31, 2018. https://www.fold3.com/image/604234148

Passenger list for officers, on S. S. Cedric, departing Brest January 26, 1919, arriving New York February 4, 1919. Accessed at Fold3.com June 30, 2017. https://www.fold3.com/image/604244191

Passenger list, sick and wounded, Base Section 3, Base Hospital 37, Dartford, on Celtic, departing Liverpool January 23, 1919, arriving N.Y. February 2, 1919. Accessed at Fold3.com February 6, 2018. www.fold3.com/image/604236248

Passenger list for 17th Aero Squadron, on U.S.S. Dakotan, sailing from St. Nazaire March 7, 1919, arriving Hoboken March 20, 1919.  https://www.fold3.com/image/604371792

Passenger list for Casual Detachments, on U.S.S. Charleston, departing Brest January 31, 1919, arriving Hoboken February 14, 1919. Accessed at Fold3.com September 12, 2017. https://www.fold3.com/image/604237088

Passenger list for Casual Officers, on Duc D’Acosta, sailing from Marseilles January 20, 1919, arriving New York February 5, 1919. https://www.fold3.com/image/604252357

Passenger list for Casual Officers Detachment, on Finland, sailing from St. Nazaire January 31, 1919, arriving New York February 14, 1919. https://www.fold3.com/image/604254817?rec=625067279 and https://www.fold3.com/image/604254110?rec=625056823

Passenger list for the 11th Aero Squadron, on Henry R. Mallory, sailing from Bordeaux April 21, 1919, arriving New York May 1, 1919. https://www.fold3.com/image/604406211 et seq.

Passenger list for the S.S. Honolulu, sailing from Bordeaux February 23, 1919, arriving at Hoboken March 13, 1919. https://www.fold3.com/image/604263273

Passenger list for the S. S. Kentuckian, sailing from St. Nazaire March 20, 1919, arriving at Brooklyn April 1, 1919. https://www.fold3.com/image/604269142

Passenger list for officers, on S. S. La France, sailing from Brest February 2, 1919, arriving New York, February 9, 1919. https://www.fold3.com/image/604387119?rec=626730771

Passenger list for Casual Officers, Air Service, on S. S. Lapland, sailing from Liverpool, arriving New York, December 4, 1918. https://www.fold3.com/image/604284744

Passenger list for Brest Casual Company FRS-3-B, on U.S.S. Leviathan, sailing from Brest June 29, 1919, arriving Hoboken July 5, 1919. https://www.fold3.com/image/604397197?rec=626876224

Passenger list for casual officers, Air Service, on Mauretania, sailing from Liverpool, arriving New York December 2, 1918. https://www.fold3.com/image/1/604411717 and https://www.fold3.com/image/1/604411649 (Note: these two pages belong together but are separated in the digitized images.)

Passenger list for casual sick from Amer. Red Cross Mil. Hosp. No. 4, on Mauretania, sailing from Liverpool, arriving New York December 2, 1918. https://www.fold3.com/image/604411863?rec=627099126

Passenger list for S. S. Niew Amsterdam, sailing from Brest December 27, 1918, arriving New York January 5, 1919. https://www.fold3.com/image/1/604304873

Passenger list, Officers, S. S. Northland, departing Brest February 8, 1919, arriving Philadelphia February 21, 1919. https://www.fold3.com/image/604427534

Passenger list for officers, on S.S. Ortega, departing Brest February 7, 1919, arriving New York February 19, 1919. https://www.fold3.com/image/604432165

Passenger list of casuals for orders, on S.S. Pannonia, departing Brest March 31, 1919, arriving New York April 12, 1919. https://www.fold3.com/image/1/604312064

Passenger list of casual officers for U.S. (married) on U.S.S. Plattsburg, departing Liverpool August 18, 1919, arriving Brooklyn August 29, 1919. https://www.fold3.com/image/604436935

Passenger list for Brest Casual Company 4293, on U.S.S. President Grant, sailing from Brest September 10, 1919, arriving Brooklyn September 22, 1919. https://www.fold3.com/image/604319812

Passenger list for Casuals, on S. S. Roma, departing Marseilles March 15, 1919, arriving Brooklyn April 4, 1919. www.fold3.com/image/604451635

Passenger list of military personnel returning to the United States, on S.S. Siboney, departing Bordeaux, December 25, 1918, arriving Hoboken January 3, 1919. https://www.fold3.com/image/604336789

Passenger list for the S.S. Stockholm, departing Brest February 2, 1919, arriving New York February 22, 1919. [NB: Knox is listed as “Knox W V.”]. https://www.fold3.com/image/604490818

Passenger list for the S.S. Suriname, departing Brest April 4, 1919, arriving Hoboken April 29, 1919.  https://www.fold3.com/image/604468796

Passenger list for the 141st Aero Squadron, Air Service, on the U.S.S. Tiger, departing St. Nazaire June 14, 1919, arriving Hoboken June 27, 1919. https://www.ancestry.com/interactive/61174/46920_3421606198_0003-00010/8519094

—. Lists of Outgoing Passengers, 1917 – 1938. In the National Archives and Records Administration. National Archives Identifier: 6234477 Container Identifier: Boxes 361 – 614 HMS Entry Number(s): NM-81 2061. Digitized by Fold3.com. (These lists are also searchable at Ancestry.com, but still imperfectly.)

Passenger list for Aviation Section, Signal Corps, on Carmania, sailing Sept. 18, 1918, from New York City. https://www.fold3.com/image/603927273 et seq. (Note: this is one of at least five listings of the A.S.S.C. cadets on this voyage of the Carmania within the two folders for the Carmania at https://www.fold3.com/image/1/603926951 et seq., and https://www.fold3.com/image/1/603927219 et seq.)

Passenger list for Army Field Clerks, on Aurania, sailing October 3, 1917, from New York. https://www.fold3.com/image/604012919?rec=621348962

Passenger list for 11th Aero Squadron, on Orduna, sailing December 18, 1917, from New York. https://www.fold3.com/image/604069805 et seq.

“War Hero’s Funeral.” Boston Post, April 3, 1921, 38.

“War Materials from French Forests.” American Forestry 24.290 (February 1918): 69-76.

War Mothers of America, Milwaukee County Chapter. [Index card for Agnes M. Carpenter.] In collection World War I Military Portraits. Milwaukee: Milwaukee Public Library, [n.d.]. Accessed November 16, 2015.http://content.mpl.org/cdm/singleitem/collection/WWI/id/20528/rec/7

—. [Handwritten index card for Paul V. Carpenter.] In collection World War I Military Portraits. Milwaukee: Milwaukee Public Library, [n.d.]. Accessed November 16, 2015. http://content.mpl.org/cdm/ref/collection/WWI/id/20537

—. [Typewritten index card for Paul V. Carpenter.] In collection World War I Military Portraits. Milwaukee: Milwaukee Public Library, [n.d.]. Accessed November 16, 2015.http://content.mpl.org/cdm/singleitem/collection/WWI/id/20536/rec/5

“Warren Leach at Aviation School.” The Tuscaloosa News (Tuscaloosa, Alabama), July 22, 1917, 5.

“Warren Leach in England.” The Tuscaloosa News (Tuscaloosa, Alabama), October 21, 1917, 3.

“Warren Leach Received Bullet Wound in Right Shoulder, Says Letter.” The Tuscaloosa News (Tuscaloosa, Alabama), July 12, 1918, 1.

“Washingtonian in Casualty List.” The Washington Post (Washington, D.C.), October 4, 1918, 4.

“Wedding.” Lincolnshire Echo, February 9, 1918, 3.

Wells, Charlotte Halley. “Scotland to the Black HIlls of Dakota” [informal account of James Halley II and his family].  Attached to page for James Halley in “Halley Family Tree” (owned by Kenneth Gardner) at Ancestry.com.

The Wesleyana 1909. Bloomington, Illinois: The Junior Class of Illinois Wesleyan University, n.d.

Wessex Archaeology. Belton House, Belton, Lincolnshire: Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of Results. N.p.: Wessex Archaeology, May 2013. Accessed September 6, 2019. https://www.wessexarch.co.uk/our-work/belton-house

Western Reserve University. Catalogue of Officers, Graduates and Students of Western Reserve College and Adelbert College, 1826-1916. Cleveland: The Western University Press, 1916. (= Western University Reserve Bulletin new series 19.3 [April 1916, extra number].

“Wheelock, L. W.” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed August 5, 2016. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/wheelock-l.w

“Wheelock, L. W. (Louis Ward)” [web page for casualty card]. At Royal Air Force Museum Story Vault [web site]. Accessed August 5, 2016. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/wheelock-l.w.-louis-ward

Whittemore, Henry. Genealogical Guide to the Early Settlers of America. 3 vols. (single pagination). [New York]: [1898-1906]. Accessed at Hathi Trust Digital Library.

Wikipedia. “Armstrong Whitworth F.K.8.” Accessed September 25, 2015. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armstrong_Whitworth_F.K.8

—. “Charles M. Clement.” Accessed April 18, 2017. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_M._Clement

—. “Duncan Grinnell-Milne.” Accessed December 16, 2015. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duncan_Grinnell-Milne

—. “85th Aero Squadron.” Accessed May 26, 2017. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/85th_Aero_Squadron

—. “Falk corporation.” Accessed November 16, 2015. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Falk_Corporation

—. “Flanders Field American Cemetery and Memorial.” Accessed December 21, 2015. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flanders_Field_American_Cemetery_and_Memorial

—. “Forbes.” Accessed May 17, 2016. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forbes#Forbes.com

—. “Francis Wyatt.” Accessed May 30, 2016. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Wyatt

—. “Franklin Johnson Goodnow.” Accessed September 9, 2016. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Johnson_Goodnow

—. “Gold Star Mothers Club.” Accessed June 17, 2016. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gold_Star_Mothers_Club

—. “Kent Curtis.” AccessedOctober 25, 2016. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kent_Curtis

—. “Matthew T. Cronin.” Accessed March 2, 2016. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matthew_T._Cronin

—. “No. 38 Squadron RAF.” Accessed June 30, 2017. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/No._38_Squadron_RAF

—. “No. 48 Squadron RAF.” Accessed September 14, 2015. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/No._48_Squadron_RAF

—. “No. 75 Squadron RAF.” Accessed September 14, 2015. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/No._75_Squadron_RAF

—. “166th Aero Squadron.”  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/166th_Aero_Squadron

—. “RAF Usworth.” Accessed August 11, 2016. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RAF_Usworth

—. “258th Aero Squadron. Accessed April 20, 2017. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/258th_Aero_Squadron

—. “Windowed envelope.” Accessed October 19, 2015. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windowed_envelope

“William Clements (Clemmons)” [discussion thread]. At Ancestry.com’s Message Boards. Accessed April 13, 2016. http://boards.ancestry.com/thread.aspx?mv=flat&m=470&p=localities.northam.usa.states.virginia.counties.gloucester

“William F. Borncamp Dies Suddenly.” New York Evening Post, July 12, 1923. Accessed at Fultonhistory.com. Page number not visible.

“William Hamilton Fleet” [web page]. At Geni.com [web site]. Accessed May 30, 2016. https://www.geni.com/people/William-Hamilton-Fleet/6000000002846165261

“William Mathews.” Green Bay Press-Gazette (Green Bay, Wisconsin), April 16, 1974, 24

“William T. Clements” [obituary]. Southside Sentinel (Urbanna, Virginia), October 16, 1952, 8.

“William Thomas Clements.” Fun and Finance, October 1927, 2-3. Accessed December 20, 2016. https://www.richmondfed.org/~/media/richmondfedorg/about_us/history/spotlight/pdf/0729_william_thomas_clements_cashier_charlotte_branch1927.pdf

Wimberly, Bessie Jewel Mayes. The William Kindley Family Genealogy: His Nine Sons and Their Descendants. [Arlington, Va.], Arlington Printers, 1967.

Winslow, Paul Stuart. RFC/RAF No. 56 Squadron Diary of Paul Winslow. 1917-1918. [Typed transcriptions of portions of the diary.] In the Ola A. Sater Collection at the Eugene McDermott Library at the University of Texas Dallas. Note: “Attached to No. 56″ (q.v.) includes some entries not in the Sater document; Revell’s High in the Empty Blue (q.v.) includes additional entries. I have not thus far located the original, complete diary.

“Wireless Communication” [discussion thread]. At The Aerodrome Forum. Accessed September 21, 2017. http://www.theaerodrome.com/forum/showthread.php?t=2727

Wisconsin Department of Veterans Affair. Eyes of the Army: The Life and Letters of World War I Aerial Observer Lt. Mortimer M. Lawrence [web site/blog posts].  http://eyesofthearmy.dva.state.wi.us/blog1.php

Wise, Sydney F. Canadian Airmen and the First World War. [Toronto, Canada]: University of Toronto Press in co-operation with the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Government Publishing Centre, Supply and Services Canada, 1980. Vol. 1 of The Official History of the Royal Canadian Air Force.

“‘With Fondest Love, Trev.’ The Letters Home of Lt. E. Trevor Evans, 1917-1919,
(34 Squadron, R.F.C. and 206 Squadron, R.A.F.)” [web pages]. At The Home Guard of Great Britain [web site]. Accessed August 31, 2018. http://www.staffshomeguard.co.uk/L5WithFondestLoveTrev.htm

“With our Soldiers” [Kindley letter of June 9, 1918, to E. E. Kindley]. The Coffeyville Daily Journal (Coffeyville, Kansas), July 15, 1918, p. 4.

“With Our Soldiers” [Kindley letter of November 28, 1918, to Geo. Jamison]. The Coffeyville Daily Journal (Coffeyville, Kansas), December 28, 1918, p. 6.

“Wm Ludwig Deetjen” [web page]. At American Battle Monuments Commission [web site]. Accessed April 5, 2016. https://www.abmc.gov/node/336178

The Wolverine [Yearbook of Michigan Agricultural College]. N.p.: Junior Class, 1915. Accessed June 28, 2019 at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=msu.31293021242007&view=2up&seq=10

“World War I Pilots Observe Anniversary.” The Press Democrat (Santa Rosa, California), April 6, 1967, 15.

“Would Join Flying Corps.” Baltimore Sun, May 10, 1917, 2.

“[WW1] WW1 Aviation Question by ‘Leslie C & Maria C Bradley’” [discussion thread]. At Rootsweb.com [web site]. Accessed November 15, 2016. http://news.rootsweb.com/th/read/GREATWAR/2001-11/1004992184

“WW1 Bullion Wing Variations” [discussion thread]. At The US Militaria Forum [web site]. Accessed September 27, 2019. http://www.usmilitariaforum.com/forums/index.php?/topic/29382-ww1-bullion-wing-variations/

“WW1 ‘Foggione’ Pilot, Allen Bevin” [discussion thread]. At U.S. Miltaria Forum [web site]. Accessed September 20, 2016. http://www.usmilitariaforum.com/forums/index.php?/topic/33244-ww1-foggione-pilot-allen-bevin/

“WWI Photo Album of Lieut. Joseph Kirkbride Milnor” [web pages]. At Buyer, Stier and Related Families [web site]. Accessed July 29, 2016. http://buyerstierfamily.org/showfolio.php?mediaID=5785 Note: The original album is in the possession of Jay Milnor, Joseph Kirkbride Milnor’s son. Susan Buyer, creator of the Buyer, Stier and Related Families, has commemorated the friendship between her grandfather, Hugh Douglas Stier, and J. K. Milnor by making scans of the album available on her site.

“WWI Trench Maps and Aerial Photographs” [web page]. At library.mcmaster.ca [web site]. Accessed December 15, 2017. http://library.mcmaster.ca/maps/ww1/WW1_Maps  Dead link.  Accessed September 27, 2019. https://library.mcmaster.ca/wwi-trench-maps-aerial-photographs#tab-wwi-maps-photos

“Xenia Boy in College Prank.” The Dayton Herald (Dayton, Ohio), May 27, 1910, 11.

The Yale Banner and Pot-Pourri 1910–1911. N.p.: n.p., 1911.

Ye Albonian. Vol. 6. [Albion, Michigan]: The Class of 1919 Albion College, [n.d.].

“Young Aviator Fought Autocracy, as Did His German Grandsire.” The New York Herald, March 4, 1918, part 2, p. 3.

Young, Judy. “Ernestine Goad” [web page]. At Find A Grave [web site]. Accessed September 13, 2015.  https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/53301313

Zinn, F. W. Memo dated April 19, 1919, to Miss Josephine Frost. In the Fred W. Zinn Collection at the National Museum of the US Air Force at Dayton, Ohio. I am grateful to Brett Stolle for providing me a copy of this document.